It occurs due to problems with muscles and nerves that help to hold or release urine (NIH, 2010). Urinary incontinence is twice as often in women due to pregnancy and childbirth, menopause, and “the structure of the female urinary tract” (NIH, 2010). Of 25 million adults Americans suffering from some form of urinary incontinence in the United States, 75-80 percent of those are women (CONE Health, 2011). On average, women wait 6.5 years from the first time they experience symptoms until they obtain a diagnosis from their bladder control problems (CONE Health, 2011). However, both women and men can become incontinent from neurologic injury, birth defects, stroke, multiple sclerosis, and physical problems associated with aging (NIH, 2007).
Physical changes: A physical change which occurs only in women as they reach old age is menopause, however in some circumstances this can occur in younger women. As NHS, (2012) tells us, ‘menopause is also known as the ‘change of life’ and is the end of menstruation.’ This then means that a woman will stop producing an egg every 4 weeks, as a result of this she will no longer have a period or be able to have children. During menopause the first sign for women will be a change in the pattern of her monthly period. Women will experience physical changes such as hot flushes and night sweats, headaches, loss of libido, palpitations, vaginal dryness and itching or discomfort during sexual intercourse and also urinary tract infections. Women may also experience psychological changes such as mood changes which could include depression, anxiety or tiredness and also insomnia.
An estimated of 40-50 million abortions occur annually, and worst, about half in unsafe circumstances, according to information given by World Health Organization; global data prove that about 13% of all maternal deaths are due to complications of unsafe abortions, in addition to the 70,000 women who die each year, a high percentage suffer long-term consequences, including infertility. But these results can’t be attributed to the myth that says abortion endangers the mother’s life, in fact the procedures and techniques to end a pregnancy in an early stage are simple and safe but when they are made by well-trained health-care professionals with a proper equipment, proper techniques and sanitary standards. In these cases abortion is considered one of the less risky medical procedures. The risk begins when the woman does it in
In 2000, 35 million of the United States population was over 65 years of age, and by 2030 the figure is expected to reach 71.5 million older Americans. “Demographically, the coming generation of elderly Americans- the baby boomers- were themselves the pioneers in the great changes that have transformed family life over the past several decades, and their ageing is one of the most anticipated demographic events of this century” (Population Reference Bureau, 2010). With the continued advancement in medicine Americans are living longer. And, it appears that “while the number of Americans without medical insurance is high, the number without any insurance against the cost of long term care is far greater (Population Reference Bureau, 2010).” Ageism is a social attitude. Ageism is also part of attitudes where people believe that older adults can be treated in demeaning ways.
According to the UN and the World Bank, an estimated 26 million legal abortions and 20 million illegal (and often unsafe) abortions are performed worldwide each year among the roughly 190 million pregnancies per year. • Availability of reliable birth control methods. Typical effectiveness rates of birth control methods in the US: • Extremely/Highly Effective • Effective • Moderately
The center has conducted essentially the same poll periodically since then, and the percentage remains almost exactly the same today. (In a December TIME poll on happiness that phrased the question differently, 17% of respondents said they were brimming with happiness "just about about all the time," and about 60% said they were frequently happy.) Yet if you charted the incidence of depression since 1950, the lines suggest a growing epidemic. Depending on what assumptions are used, clinical depression is 3 to 10 times as common today than two generations ago. A recent study by Ronald Kessler of Harvard Medical School estimated that each year, 1 in 15 Americans experience an episode of major depression--meaning not just a bad day but depression so debilitating that it's hard to get out of bed.
Young single mothers fit into this category as well. Describe the population’s demographics based on research of professional literature and websites including local, state, or national levels Within the last decade, births to unmarried women in the United States have risen dramatically, presenting challenges for young women to complete high school and attend college (Romo & Segura, 2010). According to the Center for Disease Control (2009), in 2007 nearly four in 10 births were to unmarried women, compared to about three in ten in 2002. This increase has been attributed too high out of wed lock birth rated among women in the 20s with six out of 10 births occurring for women between the ages of 20 and 24. Although teen births account for a smaller proportion of birth rates overall, the overwhelming majority of births are among unmarried women: More than 84% for adolescents girls aged 15 to 19 years (Hamilton, Martin, & Ventura, 2009).
This statistic is particularly disconcerting considering that some studies suggest that more than 50% of all divorces occur within the first few years of marriage (Carroll & Doherty, 2003). In a meta-analysis of premarital counseling programs, the average person/couple who participated in a premarital counseling program was better off after the program than 79% of the people who did not participate in such a program (Carroll & Doherty, 2003). Why should we go to Premarital Counseling? The goal of marriage is not just to stay together but to have a fulfilling, close relationship that enriches the lives of both partners. Premarital counseling provides the couple with the tools to live their best relationship possible.
Dear Congressman, Indiana is in need of some help at the government level to assist in the issue of teen pregnancy. According to the United Nations and United Nations Population Fund, teen pregnancy is a global health issue. In the world, it is estimated that 1.8 billion young people live off $2.00 with sixteen million adolescent girls become mothers every year. In the United States there is three in 10 teens pregnant by the age of 20 and in 2009, there were 409,840 infants born to 15 to 19-year-olds, for a live birth rate of 39.1 per 1,000 women in this age group (CDC, 2011). Although in Indiana the birth rate for teens decreased from 49.1 in 2000 to 43.2 in 2005, the rates are again on the rise at 45.2, close to the same rates from the 2001 levels (Pregnant and Parenting Adolescents Support Services (PPASS) Program Needs Assessment, 2011).