1461 Albrecht Pfister printed the first illustrated book Edelstein which featured a number of woodcuts. 1465 Drypoint engravings invented by Germans. 1465 Johannes Tetzel is born in Meissen, Saxony. 1466 Birth of Erasmus of Rotterdam, Christian Humanist. 1476 Two hundred woodcuts were used in a edition of Aesop's Fables.
• Reformed the palace school and set up schools for the teaching of monks and priests throughout the empire. • The flowering of learning under his patronage has come to be known as the “Carolingian Renaissance.” • Also a devout Christian and supported the Church, giving liberally at his own expense as well as that of the state to support the church as well as fighting to protect the Pope. • On Christmas day in 800, Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne and he became the first Holy Roman Emperor. • Charlemagne died January 814 at the age of 71. • His achievements stand among the most significant of the early Middle ages.
In 1728 he opened his own printing office in Philadelphia. The Pennsylvania Gazette and Poor Richards Almanac were his most famous publications. Ben Franklins printed cartoons like the “Join or Die” Propaganda that urged the colonies to unite. He saw the printing press as a powerful tool that could
University of Phoenix | Renaissance Comparison Essay Individual Week 7 Assignment | Shayna MM Briiton 6/24/2012 | June 24, 2012 The Italian and Northern Renaissance During the Italian Renaissance, Italy itself went through many changes. The renaissance brought on individualism, economic expansion and stability. During the early stages of the Italian Renaissance Florence, Italy was the center of attention (sort of speak). One family dominated the early times and helped place Florence at the epicenter for all forms of art. The Medici family came in to power by establishing banks all over Europe.
Justinian was one of ther greatest Emperorors of all time. As ruler of the Byzantine Empire, Justinian created many thngs during his reign; like the Hagia Sophia Church. He played a big role in the military. He also created the legal code and renovated the byzantine Empirebuilt many public works, created a beautiful church known as the Hagia Sophia, created the legal code, and had a large role in military. Justinian left a mark on the world and his name is still known today.
Northern European artists produced art through tapestries, manuscripts, and furniture. This type of art was needed because the wealthy had many homes and they needed decorations and furniture for their homes. Italian and Northern European Renaissance generated Literature related to humanity and individuals. The Italians studied the knowledge of how man determined how to be a respectable individual. Northern European Literature focused more on the Catholic Church and how to reform the Church’s humanity.
Mazzini was a prolific publicist continually publishing letters and articles and was feted by many European liberals. Mazzini’s ideas encouraged several attempted invasions in the years 1833-48 and in 1849 Mazzini was able to take advantage of the Pope’s flight from Rome to declare a Roman Republic. This shows that Mazzini had a profound effect in accelerating the growth of autocracy and the nature of foreign intervention by exercising his opportunism in favourable conditions. He did so to cater to his own desires for a unified Italy and to fulfil the aims of Young Italy. Mazzini had
The Renaissance was also a new era in patronage. Works were commissioned by the church or wealthy patrons who controlled most aspects of the work such as subject matter, location, size and medium. From the age of fifteen Michelangelo was taken into the household of Lorenzo de Medici, a wealthy poet, architect, politician, businessman and patron of the arts. Michelangelo lived with the Medici family, who hosted many humanist and Neoplatonic thinkers and in this stimulating environment he became a trained intellectual as well as a uniquely gifted artist. Reputable artists, like Michelangelo, were sufficiently trusted and admired to allow more freedom of expression.
Many individuals were gifted with artistic skill and creativity. I will talk about how the Mediterranean influenced the Northern Artists such as Albrecht Dürer, Peter Paul Rubens, Simon Vouet and Anthony van Dyck. I will pick one famous piece of each and explain how they used Baroque or Italian features. Albrecht Dürer was born May 21, 1471 in the Franconian city of Nuremberg, one of the artistic and commercial centers in Europe during the 15th and 16th centuries. He was a painter, draftsman and writer but his greatest artistic impact was in the medium of printmaking.
Also it began to stir up conflicts among the beliefs of the churches over time. The printing press was an amazing invention that became so extraordinary that it was used to print almost anything such as religious books, advertisements, and even literary works. These prints probably traveled across the continent faster than it took to write them. In 1493 Columbus sent a handwritten letter to the King of Spain (Doc. 6).