The Black Report: The Role Of Children In Poverty In Britain

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In modern Britain it is still common belief that children who live in poverty are more likely to suffer child abuse, unfortunately child abuse happens in all walks of life and abusers are found in all the social classes, religions, races and cultures. Abusers can be of any age and are commonly known to the child or young person and the abuse can take place almost anywhere (NYSCB, 2009). Family are the most influential individuals on their child’s initial development (Parton, 2006). Regardless of culture it is the family that will teach a child how to mature into an adult and therefore they will learn their family values which they will continue to follow throughout their adult lives (James et al, 2004). If a child fails to have positive…show more content…
Children who live in poverty are more likely to have inequalities in health and are more likely to be in contact with Social Services due to a variety of reasons - one being abuse (Bramley et al, 2008). When Tony Blair and New Labour won the General Election in 1997 they commissioned an independent inquiry into health in England so that areas could be identified to reduce inequalities (Gordon et al, 1999). When Labour were last in power at the end of the 1970’s they commissioned a very similar report - The Black Report. The findings of The Black Report were not published until 1980 when Margaret Thatcher and her Conservative Party were in power. The Conservatives dismissed the findings as they were too expensive to implement and did not officially release the report. Only 260 copies were ever produced (Gordon et al, 1999). The Black Report stated that there was significant evidence that poverty needed to be abolished to reduce inequalities in health as it was found that people who live in poverty are more likely to have health problems and thus suffer neglect and other forms of abuse (DHSS, 1980). ). In 1994 Tony Blair became the leader of the Labour Party and he announced that one of their “new” policies was a commitment to completely modernise the welfare state and the Tax Credit system was introduced (Trends in the Distribution of…show more content…
The most worrying factor of the figures released is that a third of the cases referred were from families which had previously been unknown to social services. The NSPCC states that the increase of referrals from the general public showed that people wanted to help to keep children safe (BBC News UK, 2011). Surely this can only be positive in the battle against tackling child abuse. It is evident to see from Graham Allen MP’s independent report “Early Intervention: The Next Steps” that protecting and helping the vulnerable children within the UK is an important issue which the government needs to tackle. As child abuse can occur to children who are living in poverty or living within the high social classes the Government needs to look at initiatives which help all children whatever walk of life they come from. Allen (2011) found that early intervention is the best possible way to tackle the social and emotional problems which some people within the UK are suffering. The economic benefits of early intervention is clear to all. In the USA it has been found that for every dollar invested in good quality early intervention programs such as Early Head Start, that support new born children and their families, there is a huge return of seven to ten dollars back into society. There is a reduced need for special educational needs within schools,
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