The reactionary reign of Alexander III led to a tightening of government control and the persecution of minority groups, such as Jews, within the Empire. Another long-term cause of the 1905 Revolution was the worsening conditions of both peasants and urban workers. The famines in 1897, 1898 and 1901 had led to shortage and distress in the countryside. Living and working conditions in Russia’s industrial towns were no better. Workers worked in poorly ventilated factories for long hours and little pay.
What were the main effects of the 14th Century plagues on the European economy The 14th Century was a time of pain, suffering and turmoil. Beset by plagues, famines and wars, the age of the 14th Century was that of a tragedy. Fears of the world ending were building up again and anyone looking at the facts of the era may not be surprised as to why. Of all the greatest horrors that affected this era however, the plagues were perhaps the worst and most devastating of all. As the Black Death ravaged across medieval Europe, the effects on the land and the economy were devastating.
Many were left unemployed and had to take to the road to find work. A severe drought also ravaged America, destroying crops causing vast, treeless plains. This came to be known as the Dust Bowl. The unrelenting drought and the plummeting prices of crops, ruined many farming families. The Great Depression is evident throughout the novel through the hardships that the people of Maycomb experience.
Poor harvests played a big part in causing the French Revolution since people were already angry with the King spending too much on himself and not enough on the country and then extreme weather such as snow and rain comes and causes the people of France to get even more annoyed even though the poor harvest was not the King’s fault. The poor harvests later caused the price of bread to shoot up which in turn forced people (especially people in the third estate) to spend more on bread and less on luxuries such as shoes and hats. This in turn affected most factory owners as they would’ve had to fire workers or lower wages of the current factory workers. This put unemployment at a very high rate due to factories having to fire workers and the people who did get fired would have to starve most days because they were not earning any money. This whole incident wouldn’t have been so bad if the Three Estates system was fairer since having all three estates paying the same amount of tax would enable the third estate to spend more on food such as bread instead of having the third estate paying the most tax and the first and second paying close to nothing.
The Black Death had a huge impact on all aspects of Medieval society. The peak of the Black Death resulted in a huge population loss for the city of London, and all over the world. Treatments and theories about the causes of the plague were prevalent in many aspects of life. Initially many believed plagues to be the result of evil spirits. For this reason, people would often huddle together to keep the spirits away.
This effectively weakened the success of a revolution because of the lack of organization and co-operation. Every group had their own agenda, so each group revolted individually. The growth of resentment in the Russian population had been harboring for many years. Due to the centuries of repression the people had decided that the autocratic system in Russia was old fashioned. The redemption payments that were to be payed for 49 years were an example of the unfair taxation's that were put on the peasants.
The collapse of the Roman Empire was a calamity; it leads to the Dark (Middle) Ages. Seeing all the bad that came of it, the destruction of art, the collapse of great cities, the deterioration of the system of roads, the ruin of the Mediterranean trade, and the loss of European unity--it's difficult to imagine any good came of it. But some good did result. The break up of the empire led to the abolition of slavery in Europe. Of course, this, in turn, led to more poverty and the increase of latifundia because the poor people lost their land to the aristocrats.
The Radical Prime Minister, Edourd Herriot, was met with a severe economic crisis caused by the mismanagement of government expenditure. A divide in the Cartel on how to solve the crisis meant Herriot stepped down in 1926. The demise of a government due to disagreements on a solution to France’s economic problems was an often occurrence during the 1920’s and 1930’s. The French people always suffered as a consequence of the
The invasion by barbarians in Rome led Europe into major depression. This is because Rome was considered a superpower in Europe and when a superpower falls, the trade and economy in Europe will weaken. The bad times of the economy continued when the plague (also known as the Black Death) happened from 1350 to 1450. This plague was almost fatal and it took half of the population in Europe. The only way of escaping of the disease was to move from the city to the country.
Many of the men who served in the war came back injured, and could not find employment. Some soldiers died while serving their country, thus leaving widows and their children to fend for themselves. Countries involved with the war were left to pay for the damages caused by the war, which caused inflation rates to rise, and poverty to increase. As a result of these difficult times, art was used to revolt against the culture and values which existed, with the intent to subvert and undermine those values. On the website Visual-Arts-Cork.com (Data Art Movement: History, Charicteristics, Artists), it is mentioned that Dada used outrageous tactics to attack the established traditions of art, and it used exhibitions of absurdist art deliberately designed to scandalize and shock both the authorities and the general public.