EARLY CHILDHOOD SECTOR POLICIES,
AN OUTLINE OF THE HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT
EARLY CHILDHOOD IN JAMAICA
THE BASIC PHILOSOPHIES OF SOME THEORISTS
WHO INFLUENCED EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION
Early Childhood has been influenced over the years through the establishment of several philosophies initiated by various theorists.These persons dedicated themselves in understanding how children grew and developed at all stages of life and finding creative nonetheless effective approaches that would provide education and care for children.
This is a brief outline of the philosophies of some of the theorists.
Erik Homberger Erikson
Erik Homberger Erikson was born in 1902 near Frankfort, Germany to Danish parents. Erik studied art and a variety of languages during his school years. After several years, Erikson began to teach art and other subjects to children of Americans who had come to Vienna for Freudian training. He was then admitted into the Vienna Psychoanalytic Institute. In 1933 he came to the U.S. and became Boston's first child analyst and obtained a position at the Harvard Medical School.
Erik Erikson explored three aspects of identity: the ego identity (self), personal identity (the personal idiosyncrasies that distinguish a person from another, social/cultural identity (the collection of social roles a person might play).
Erikson’s psychosocial theory of development considers the impact of external factors, parents and society on personality development from childhood to adulthood. According to Erikson’s theory, every person must pass through a series of eight interrelated stages over the entire life cycle. These eight stages, spanning from birth to death, are split in general age ranges.
Erikson’s Stages of Development
1. Infancy: Birth-18 Months Old
Basic Trust vs. Mistrust – Hope
During the first or second year of life, the major emphasis is...