Western settlers destroyed traditional Native American ways of life by moving into their traditional homeland. As western settlers moved on to the land that was first owned by native Americans, the Natives were forced to move into reservations. Reservations were fenced in and one could not walk freely outside the borders. The Homestead Act of 1862 stated that160 acres of land was given to any settler who was an American citizen or who had applied for citizenship, who was committed to farming the land for six months of the year, and had to build a dwelling and raise crops. This land that the government was giving away was traditional homeland to the Native Americans.
Religion gave meaning and explained human existence, agriculture, natural biological occurrences, and even the light of day. Religion and the gods surrounded the Aztecs lives in every direction. In order to further understand the reasoning behind why the Aztecs felt they needed to practice sacrifice, one needs to understand the importance religion held within the Aztec race. Sacrifice of any form was considered to be a payment to their gods. According to Michael Graulich (2000), the director of religious studies at a school in Paris, the primary reason for sacrifice was atonement (p. 2).
Most scholars of Pre-Columbian civilization see human sacrifice among the Aztecs as a part of the long cultural tradition of human sacrifice in Mesoamerica. Contents [hide] 1 The antecedents of Mesoamerican sacrifice 2 The role of sacrifice in Mesoamerica 2.1 The 52-year cycle 3 Sacrifices to specific gods 3.1 Huitzilopochtli 3.2 Tezcatlipoca 3.3 Huehueteotl 3.4 Tlaloc 3.5 Xipe Totec 4 The Flower Wars 5 The sacrifice ritual 6 Estimates of the scope of the sacrifices 7 Discussion of primary sources 7.1 Accounts from the Grijalva expeditions 7.2 Juan Díaz 7.3 Bernal Díaz
Mexico was a new Fragile Nation State that lacked resources, technology and a stable central government, according to the history book Occupied America. According to Occupied America, Large number of colonist from the United States entered Texas in the 1820’s as refugees from the Depression of 1819. The decision to allow colonist from the United Sates to enter Texas was a calculated decision made by the Tejano population of the
Religions of Ancient Origins – Aztecs BACKGROUND Departing from their homeland of Aztlan and after a long pilgrimage, the Mexica arrived at Lake Texcoco, at the site foreseen --according to foundation myth-- by their patron god Huitzilopochtli. There they built his first temple, a simple structure made of mud and wood. With the passage of time, they constructed other temples dedicated to this and other gods, based on their cosmovision or view of the universe. This sacred space was enclosed in a great plaza, and it grew as the Mexica became more powerful, until it became the most important ceremonial center in Mesoamerica at the time of the arrival of the Spaniards. At its peak, the Sacred Precinct had seventy-eight buildings.
Johan Arteaga Per.2 Why did the Americans wanted the Indian to the West? Indians have been here in the United States long before anyone. They had taught the first settlers how to survive on their own, until the aspect of expanding and claiming lands became an issue. For years after the first settlers came to America, Indians had been fighting for their land desperately. It is not until, 1830 when Andrew Jackson propose an act in removal of the Indians and push them to the west of the Mississippi Riverthe Indian removal act.
Then the Aztec civilisation was at its peak from 1200 to 1500 which was when the Spanish arrived. The Aztecs, like the Toltec were originally derived from the Chichimec people who spoke the Nahuatl dialect which is part of the Uto-Aztecan language family. The Aztec empire was inhabited by a group of people that were once nomadic, the mexica’s. After their long trip from Aztlán, the semi-mythical northern homeland, it was said that they felt like outcasts, that was when they saw a sign from their god Huitzilopochtli when they reached valley of central Mexico after 1168. The sign was of an eagle, perched on a cactus eating a precious serpent, the Mexicas took this sign as an indication that this was the place they should settle in.
It was the arrival of Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes in February of 1519 and it would be the beginning of the end for the Aztec and many other indigenous civilizations. Commissioned by Governor Velazquez of Cuba, Hernan Cortes was sent with roughly 500 soldiers to the eastern shores of Mexico to gain information on the indigenous people there and establish friendly relations. But Cortes, a man consumed by greed, had heard of legends that told of vast riches and treasures within Mexico, and with that the Spanish conquest of the Aztecs had already begun. In direct defiance of Velazquez’s orders not to engage in a war of conquest, Cortes arrived with the intentions of a complete Spanish conquest over the indigenous people, whom he would learn called themselves the Aztec. Initially, small tribes greeted them and bestowed them with gifts, and Cortes even acquired a translator named Malinche who would play a crucial role in the downfall of her own people.