The Atomic Bombings Of Hiroshima & Nagasaki

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It was nearly the end of World War II when the Japanese cities of Nagasaki and Hiroshima were bombed with nuclear weapons. At 2:45 am, August 6, a bomber plane, the Enola Gay, flew from Tinian Island in the Marianas for Japan. It arrived over the city of Hiroshima three and a half hours later. There, the nuclear weapon "Little Boy" was detonated, causing massive destruction. Three days later, another nuclear bomb was dropped over Nagasaki. These attacks to date are the only attacks with nuclear weapons in the history of warfare. They are significant events of 20th century and World War II history. In the first few decades of the twentieth century, radical changes took place in the understanding of the physics of the atom. The discovery of the nucleus, the idea of radiation, and the fact that the splitting of atomic nuclei could lead to a massive release of energy all led to the development of the atom bomb. The Manhattan Project was a project to develop the atomic weapons to be used during World War II by the United States. The project came about mostly by scientists' fear that Nazi Germany was investigating its own nuclear weapons for use. It ran from 1941 to 1945 and was successful at developing and using the first atomic bombs. Hiroshima was a minor supply and logistics base for the Japanese military and this made it a good target for the U.S. military. The attack on Hiroshima caused extensive damage to the city and killed an estimated 110,000 people. After the bombing, President Harry S. Truman issued a second warning: "If Japan does not surrender, bombs will have to be dropped on her war industries." Japan refused to surrender and so a second Japanese city was targeted. "Fat Man" was detonated three days after Hiroshima over the city of Nagasaki. Despite no fire-storm and missing its aiming point, the bomb killed over 50,000 people. The second bombing was
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