The nonviolent struggle was promoted before but was not taken seriously. Booker T. Washington realized that blacks should elevate themselves in education and start their economic strength instead of militant actions that was promoted at that time. Economic power and education could affect the long struggle for freedom where the armed struggle could only make it worse. His attitude was obvious in his famous saying "cast down your bucket where you are. "(Atlanta Exposition Address, 1895) Casting down the bucket used to maintain stability and planting the roots which make them stronger in facing white supremacy.
When addressing racist audiences during his senate campaign, he gathered up the racism in his own comments, ensuring people that he could never see blacks living equally with whites. Another debatable conflict was Lincoln’s views on race. His opinions were not very different from the majority of the southern men. Yet slavery was wrong he still felt as if there was a physical difference between the white and black races that will prevent the two races from living together on socially and equal in society. His solution to this everlasting problem was to ship blacks off to any other country other than the United
While Mr Washington tells thst the success of African Americans depends on their own efforts, W.E.B. DuBois, arguing with his ides, says that “It has been claimed that the Negro can survive only through submission“. DuBois calls Washington the leader of two races and the compromiser between South and North, but in reality the only thing that Washington does is that he is trying to find a decision which will stop the segregation of African Americans, but without making problems for the rest of
Washington stated, “No race that has anything to contribute to the markets of the world is long in any degree ostracized”. It is imperative that all freedom of the laws be ours, but it is immensely more essential that we be equipped for the application of those rights. All this had been said in his Atlanta Compromise Address in1895. It was obvious to those African Americans who did not entirely agree with Washington's idea that this was a mark of submission for the black race. By submissive they meant that they were to accept to continue to work as a means of being useful to the white society.
These victims to these horrible things were almost always African American. After the Reconstruction there was still a lot of tension between the blacks and white reconstruction failed for many reasons. The sad fact remains that the ideals of reconstruction was most clearly defeated by the deep seated racism that permeated American life. Racism was why the white south so unrelentingly did not want reconstruction. Racism was the reason why northerners had little interest in black’s right except as a means to protect the union or to safeguard the republic.
However, state government was also a major obstacle in achieving the vote for African Americans. This is because many states were unwilling to grant blacks the vote and so various means were used to prevent this from happening. For example South Carolina refused to prosecute members of the KKK, allowing the anti-civil rights group to terrorize African Americans, stopping them from voting through fear. ‘Black codes’ varied from state to state and were used to prevent blacks from voting or serving on juries. Most states also enforced voting qualifications such a literacy tests and a tax,
This meant that a black man had just as much say as a white man in a court of law and was protected from prejudice and racial segregation as of the 1875 Civil Rights Act. These developments caused by the Civil War were helped by presidents Lincoln and Johnson. Lincoln believed in equal racial rights and the abolition of slavery, as did Johnson; except when Johnson became president he hindered the development of black Civil Rights because although he encouraged the 13th amendment; he was a white supremacist and was not in support for equal racial rights and in 1866 tried to veto the Civil Rights Bill. This
Black campaigners tried to use the fact that they fought in the war to gain respect and equality. However, there was still a very high number of racism in the southern states and the number of lynchings increased after the war. This shows that even after the effort the black put into helping in the war, they were still classed as second class citizens and not respected in the same way as
Lincoln believed that blacks were entitled to the same rights as other men and citizens. Blacks were not allowed to take advantage of their rights in the United States, but they should on their own land. The blacks did not ask to be brought to America, they were taken into slavery. Many slave owners claimed that they were helping the blacks because they do not have the ability or mental capacity to provide for themselves and their family. They also claimed that leaving the blacks on their homeland would have subjected them to the dangers of wildlife and
How have African-Americans worked to end segregation, discrimination, and isolation to attain equality and civil rights? African Americans struggled with freedom, and being an accepted race in America from as early years of the colonial period until it was firmly established in the late 1700s. In 1865, everything changed because Abraham Lincoln declared that slavery was now illegal, but this did not stop the discrimination, hate crimes, and unequal treatment. Many civil rights leaders would step up, putting themselves out there to fight for their color, and freedom; with little respect from other races. Racism in America is an issue of the past, and we can blame the poor treatment on change and how that generation was raised, but we have