The Archduke Assassination Essay

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The Archduke Assassination During his visit to the capital of Bosnia, Sarajevo to inspect army maneuvers held there, the heir to the Austrian throne, Archduke Francis Ferdinand together with his wife Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, were shot dead on June 28, 1914. The assassin, Gavrilo Princip, is believed to be amongst six other Bosnian Serbs conspirators who plotted to assassinate the Archduke during his latest visit to Bosnia. Princip and the other conspirators are said to be members of Young Bosnia; an underground ultra nationalist political movement aiming to break off Bosnia and other Slavic provinces from the administration of the Austro-Hungarian Empire to become combined into a Greater Serbia or a Yugoslavia independent from both the Ottoman and Austro-Hungarian Empires. It is also reported that the Serbian military officers might have supported this unfaithful attack. Ironically Archduke Francis Ferdinand was considered to be a strong advocate for granting greater autonomy to ethnic groups within the Empire and addressing their grievances, especially the Czechs in Bohemia and the Slavic peoples in Croatia and Bosnia and frequently called for a subtle policy in dealing with the Serbian issue cautioning that an insensitive and tough handling of the Serbs would bring the Empire into a serious and possibly an open armed conflict with Russia who sees itself as the protector of its fellow Slavic peoples in the Balkans. Incidentally these calls led to frequent conflicts between the Archduke and the hardliners in the Austro-Hungarian army’s General Staff. Additionally the Archduke is believed to have had the intent, once on the throne, to apply a controversial political system, “a triple monarchy in which the empire's Slavs would have an equal voice in government with the Germans and Magyars” (Abdulwahab. 114). He is also believed to have been even
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