Socrates and Machiavelli are two of the most historic figures in the world. They both taught mankind the secrets of society behaviors. They both had different philosophy of how people in society should act, think and behave. Ethics and morale are seen differently between the two. Socrates believed that people should evaluate their lives and become ethically responsible.
The Ancient Greeks expressed themselves in many different ways including the houses they lived in, the food they ate, the discoveries they made, and even the way they spoke. Each Greek lifestyle was different, and it was shown in each city-state. Discoveries made in the Ancient Greek time era had a lasting affect on the world, and the way we view various subjects like math, or astronomy. Each city-state in Ancient Greece had different views of value of life, and the mighty Greeks were one of the first civilizations to question the world and how it began. The Ancient Greeks dared to wonder and imagine about unknown things, and their literature and art awed the world.
Even though other major ancient cvilisations created literature, it was the Greeks who produced analytic treatises which endeavoured to reveal the many levels of human communication. Schools opened with the aim of teaching argument and persuasion and this led to the formulation of a range of precepts which was the main source of knowledge for literary followers during the centuries thereafter. The increasing demand for education in 5th century BCE Greece brought forward a class of teachers known as “Sophists.” They were a professional class rather than a just a school, and therefore, were dispersed all over Greece and showed evidence of having professional rivalries. One could assume that the educational demand was partly for genuine knowledge, but it mostly mirrored an aspiration for spurious learning that would eventually lead to political triumph. To have a deeper understanding of the Sophists, we must first establish a definition for that particular term.
Form and function “Future ages will wonder at as, as present ages do now” In the classical period of 500Bc-336Bc the Greek city of Athens reached its greatest cultural and political heights. This included the invention of democracy, many epic scientific discoveries and the construction of the Acropolis with the Parthenon. The ideas of Greek society, attention to detail and a mathematically explained harmony in the natural world were things that the Greeks believed set them apart from the barbarians. It is these ideals that are represented in their Architecture. The original Parthenon was built on the Acropolis in Athens.
which has given us a step towards the entertainment we have today. Aristotle, a Greek philosopher, has also given us a system of logic, which, I believe, a lot of people didn’t thing was invented in any shape or form. With all this things, known and unknown about the Greeks, it has made them popular, stories about their people and gods could be seen written in books and passed by tongue, but one familiar part of the Greek culture and the one we’re tackling in this research is the War’s of Greece, more specifically, the ever famous Trojan War. This research report would circle around the idea of the Greek’s war culture, as we can see in most of their mythology and stories, their warriors are quite violent and think of war as a way to solve problems, thus the research report about it. Specifically, we would be looking at the famous Greek author Homer's work, the Iliad, and on how it shows the story of the mighty Achilles, a fearless warrior and hero of Greece, and his act of revenge towards Hector which leads to the doom of Troy.
In order to simplify justice and prove that it is indeed better than injustice, Socrates moves from describing justice in the individual to the city. We can see the creation of justice and its place in society as Socrates builds his ideal Republic from ground up. A polis that contains the cardinal virtues of wisdom, courage, temperance and justice is held together as one. Everyone must work collectively in order for the polis to operate correctly. The rulers must act with wisdom, the guardians with courage, and the polis with temperance.
Running Head: Aristotle-Ethical Analysis paper TO: FROM: DATE: SUBJECT: This paper was compiled with the basic motive of renouncing Aristotle’s literary contribution in the field of ethics. Aristotle, Plato’s student and a teacher to Alexander the Great (Aristotle, 2007, p.12), was a Greek philosopher with a wide and varied range of contributions in different fields and subjects. Some of his contributions covered the following areas of study: physics, logic, poetry, politics, ethics biology, theatre, linguistic, rhetoric, zoology and many more. He, together with Plato his teacher and Socrates are the three founding fathers of modern western philosophy. As much as his ideologies and Plato’s differed at some instances (Aristotle, 2007, p. 235), their combined contributions have been instrumental in shaping the modern day logic and scholarly works.
Many philosophers have understood this human reality and therefore have set out to define when and how wars can be considered just. Each philosopher’s concept of a just war was influenced by their surrounding environment including their religious and moral beliefs. One of the pioneers of the Just War theory is the esteemed Roman philosopher Marcus Tullius Cicero. Marcus Tullius Cicero was born in 106 V.C. in the Roman city of Aprinum.
Greek and Roman Cultural Analysis Paper Cynthia Casillas HUM/100 October 11, 2011 Joseph Magil Greek and Roman Cultural Analysis Paper Perhaps the most curious aspect of Plato’s work was his belief that the individual is made up of three conflicting elements: passion, intellect, and will. He taught that the intellect must be in control and passion must be managed by will. (Fiero, 2011). In ancient Greece and Rome, political theory and practice were anti-individualistic; for they considered and made the State the supreme good, an end in itself, to which the individual was a mere means. Aristotle resolved the relationship between the individual and the state as follows: [The] state is by nature clearly prior to the family and to the individual, since the whole is of necessity prior to the part.
Compare Socrates with the Sophists. Many Athenians had mistaken Socrates for a Sophist. The fact is that Socrates was one of the Sophists keenest critics. That Socrates should have been identified with them was due to his relentless analysis of any and every subject, a technique also used by the Sophists. But between the Sophists and Socrates there was a fundamental difference.