The Anatomy Lesson Of Dr. Nicolas Tulp Essay

1307 WordsMar 11, 20126 Pages
The chosen artwork for discussion is, “The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolas Tulp” (1632) by Rembrandt H. Van Rijn. Oil on canvas 170 x 217 cm. Mauritshuis, The Hague. I have chosen the artwork, as it was created within a time period where none of the methodologies of art history was explored. It would therefore be interesting to explore how the different methodologies can be applied to an artwork that was created in a time when such methodologies did not exist. The first task would be to look at what the methodology entails and how it relates (if any relations exist at all) to the chosen work. Formalism Formalism is the approach to art that stretch primarily the aesthetic effects created by the competent points of design. According to Roger Fry art has little or no meaningful connection with either artist who makes it on the culture to which it belongs. (Adams, 1996:16) These points are known as the formal elements and it includes the castings of line, shape, space, colour, light and dark. These formalist elements are arrange in many different ways to achieve a broader design and which in turn consist of balance, order and proportion and pattern and rhythm which with the component elements evoke certain responses in the viewer. The arrangement of formal elements made by the artist is the composition of the work (Adams, 1996:17). These compositions of artwork are further ordered into categories of style. Heinrich Wölfflin a Swiss author of Principle of Art History addressed the question of artistic development as exemplified by the shift from the high Renaissance which he termed “Classic’ because of its affinities with the Greek Classical style, to the Baroque style of the seventieth century. The principles of Wölfflin when applied to “the Anatomy Lesson “ artwork, express the seventeenth-century Baroque style. In this group portrait, seven human

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