The Analysis of Personality Theories

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The Analysis of Personality Theories Tammy Glidewell PSY 405 March 31, 2015 Mr. Chris Saunders The Analysis of Personality Theories Progressively through the years, a variety of institutions focusing on the evaluation of humanity and the behavioral systems of the aforementioned, have paved the path for distinct theories of psychology. Each of these formulations contain unique ideas, methods of research and outcomes concerning human nature (Feist, Feist, & Roberts, 2013). The purpose of examination in this essay, will focus on the psychodynamic theory and the humanistic theory. Specifically, this paper will compare and contrast Sigmund Freud’s theory and Carl Rogers theory, the personality traits attributing to each theory, and give explanation to the interpersonal relationship aspect within each formulation. Compare and Contrast Psychodynamic and Humanistic Theories Psychodynamic Theory Considered the founding father of the psychodynamic theory; Sigmund Freud put forth his theory of personality purporting that an individual’s unconscious mind greatly influences behavior. Freud also put forth that human mind was made up of three separate components; the id, controlling a person’s basic instincts; the ego, controlling the mediation between the unconscious and the subconscious, and is responsible for one’s sense of personal identity; and lastly the superego, the part of the mind that acts as one’s critical self- conscience. This part of the mind is reflective of social standards learned from parents and others in past childhood (Strickland, 2001). The basic premise of the psychodynamic theory is that behavior happens for a reason, childhood experiences help to mold a person’s feelings and behavior, that the unconscious is the root of behavior, and that a person’s conscious and unconscious is in constant struggle (Feist, Feist,& Roberts,
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