The American Dream Essay

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Chris Jones Rachel Carter Sociology 1300 The American Dream The American dream is a philosophy used the United States, in which freedom is a promise of the possibility of prosperity and success. In 1931 James Truslow Adams stated, “ Life should be better and richer and fuller for everyone, with opportunity for each according to ability or achievement, regardless of social class or circumstances of birth.” The idea of the American Dream originated upon the United States Declaration of Independence, which proclaims that all men are created equal, and are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable Rights, which includes Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. In 1999, Ted Ownby identified four specific American dreams that our new consumer culture addressed. The first was the "Dream of Abundance," which offers a abundance of material goods to all Americans, making them proud to be the richest society on earth. The second is the "Dream of a Democracy of Goods," in which everyone has access to the same products regardless of race, gender, ethnicity, or class, thereby challenging the refined norms of the rest of the world in which only the rich or well-connected are allowed access to luxury. Thirdly, is the "Dream of Freedom of Choice," which allowed people to fashion their own particular lifestyle. Finally, is the "Dream of Novelty," in which ever-changing fashions, new models, and unexpected new products extended the customer experience in terms of purchasing skills and awareness of the market. This particular dream contested the opposition of traditional society, culture, and politics. The book, The Great Gatsby was a great illustration of the American Dream. The Great Gatsby is a highly symbolic concentration on the 1920s America as a whole, in particular the disintegration of the American dream in an era of unprecedented prosperity and

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