The Age Of Absolutism Essay

2217 WordsOct 30, 20119 Pages
The Age of Absolutism The Age of Absolutism in Europe began with the rise of national legislation and civil bureaucracies that slowly eroded local power and self-government. The rise of absolute monarchies differed from country to country, but the general consensus is that the age began with the reign of Louis XIV and ended with the French Revolution. The Age of Absolutism, when Monarchies were at the height of their power, brought massive changes to the social, political, military and economic institutions in Europe. The Age of Absolutism was based upon the theory of the Devine Right of Kings, which is a religious and political policy that states that a ruling monarch is not subject to earthly authority, and his right to rule is derived directly from the will of God. The King’s power is absolute and he is not subject to the will of the people, the aristocracy, or the church, and any opposition or attempts to limit his power is contrary to the will of God and is considered to be treason. The Divine Right of Kings justified a king’s absolute authority in all matters spiritual and political and was embraced and supported by various Kings, such as King Louis XIV of France and King James I of England. King Louis XIV is credited with pronouncing that the King and the State were one and the same. England emerged as the first of Europe’s sovereign states. The state replaced the feudal government systems, and took complete control of the administration of justice, as well as centralized the various armed forces into a military whose allegiance belonged to the King and the state. Queen Elizabeth I, daughter of King Henry VIII, emphatically believed that she was responsible to God alone as set out by the theory of the Devine Right of Kings. She was the head of the state and she alone decided all matters of policy. She chose her own ministers to carry out her

More about The Age Of Absolutism Essay

Open Document