One of the main reasons for union victory was the abundance of resources available to them during the war. The union’s population was three times larger than the confederacy’s and they had three times the money which gave them a huge advantage. Their large population meant a much bigger army; their army was also bigger because African Americans joined the union in the fight against slavery while there were few enlisted African American confederates. Railroad mileage also had a big impact on the outcome; the confederacy had nine thousand miles while the north had a booming twenty thousand miles which helped them to distribute necessities such as food, gear, and ammunition to their troops. Along with more industry came more money the union had about $234 million while the confederacy had just $74 million.
The French Navy had completed an ironclad, La Gloire, in 1859, and The British Royal Navy had completed their own ship, Warrior, in 1860. [i] By the time the Merrimack and the Monitor engaged each other in Virginia, many other European countries either had produced or were building ironclad ships. However, the first battle between two ironclads would be what changed naval warfare forever. The term “ironclad” can be somewhat misleading to some. These ships were not entirely constructed out of iron, but instead were built with wooden hulls and decks with the outside of the ship being encased in thick iron plates.
New York rather than London became the world’s financial capital. This shows the war had a positive impact on the USA as they were increasingly depended on as trade suppliers and giving out loans to Europe, this meant that the USA’s economy benefited greatly as money was being spent on trade and interest was added onto the loans which meant they would receive more money than in they hadn’t loaned it out. When war broke out in 1914, the size of the United States army was relatively small at 120,000 strong. One of the first actions taken by the US government was to increase the size of the army through the selective service act. This introduced conscription via what became known as the draft.
Furthermore rich merchants gave Parliament funding as well as them being better at collecting taxes. This meant they could train “The New Model Army” who overthrew the Royalist Army every battle. Parliament had a better leader than the Royalists. His name was Oliver Cromwell. He had better control of his army and he made very few mistakes.
This would have placated political opposition, reduced the number of strikes and strengthened the security of the monarchy. Thus, Tsarism had a good chance of survival if the industrial boom continued. The war, however, checked any possibility of this as the economy heaved and inflation rose. Living standards deteriorated as food and fuel, used up by the army, came into short supply. Add to this the grief incurred, especially among the conscripted peasant population, by 4 million military deaths in the first year of war, and no wonder opposition to the Tsar climaxed.
Most of the time, the occurrence of nationalism was seen only on Independence Day. As you can see, the years from 1817-1925 were not “Good Feelings” at all. Sectionalism was outstanding for American over a long period of time after the War of 1812. The Northern states were without slaves, while the entire Southern states were populated with slaves (with the exception of Missouri after the Missouri Compromise was passed). In the election of 1820, there was an increased amount of nationalism because it was a 2-man race between James Monroe and John Quincy Adams.
Harold Godwinson Defeated Harald Hadrada at Stamford Bridge on the 25th of September 1066 because of his ability to lead such a large army of people, about fifteen thousand people fought for Godwinson, an entire six thousand more people than Harald Hadrada had. Godwinson also had better tactics than Hadrada and a wider array peasant warriors. Godwinson’s men where trained in all manners of warfare, some rode on horseback, some were archers, but most of them still were foot soldiers, wielding either swords or javelin-spears. They On the face of things, Hadrada would have would have never won the battle anyway, for Godwinson outnumbered his army almost two to one. Hadrada had a wall of warriors surrounding him, with their shields firmly interlocked, but against horses, this was still not going to be the easy win that they were used to.
According to &, m. t. (2008, July 3), “more than 100 guns shook the hill from crest to base.” Though most of the cannons shot missed they still provided some support for the confederate army. Though the cannons did not make much of a difference the confederates started to run low on ammunition. Longstreet then gave Pickett the order to charge. The battle was a complete annihilation of the confederates. According to “civil war sources”(n.d.), of the 14,000 men that started the charge on the few that are left run back to the whence they came from.
Alexander II, along with most of Russia, acknowledged that the root of the problem lay in Serfdom; a form of modified slavery that was heavily implemented in Russia at the time. Serfs made up over half the population and many of them were forced to serve in the military despite being ill-equipped and under trained so it came as no surprise when Russia was defeated in the Crimean war. A national outcry then ensued for the Emancipation of Serfdom. The effects of the Emancipation cannot be overstated. Once serfdom was abolished in Russia in 1861 its economic growth ran at an average of 4.6 percent between 1862 and 1900, speeding up over the years.
Gunpowder transformed combat in a dramatic fashion, swords were replaced by muskets, pikes and spears by the ring bayonet. European powers were adapt at copying one another’s tactics and technology, so although there were countless wars fought from 1500 to the 1800’s they did not really produce any profound changes to European homogeny. The most substantial effects were felt globally as Europe took advantage of Asian, American, and middle eastern nations failure develop or evolve these new tactics or technology resulting in European mastery of the globe by the 19th century. The military improvements were followed by dramatic changes to the economic and political makeup of Europe. Modern armies were both more expensive and more difficult to raise then the medieval armed forces of old, these new armies placed unprecedented strain on European supply systems and economies.