The Acropolis Essay

1379 Words6 Pages
The Acropolis of Ancient Greece One of the greatest symbols, still standing today, of the Golden Age of Greece, is the Acropolis. The Acropolis is a giant limestone plateau rising about 490 feet from the sea and covering roughly 3 hectares of land overlooking the city of Athens, Greece. This site was the hub of life in Athens from the time of the Mycenaean’s. Many temples were built on this outcropping of rock throughout the Archaic period with the last one being destroyed by the Persians in 480 BC. (Cunningham) Pericles was ruler of Athens at that time and undertook the building project of the Acropolis as we know it today. Pericles ruled Athens in the 5th century BC and was so well known it became commonly referred to as the Age of Pericles. The first building erected was the Parthenon which was built between 447 and 432 BC. This temple was built in the Doric order with some Ionic features as well and its main purpose was to shelter the giant statue of Athena built out of gold and ivory by Phidias. This statue was lost after being taken to Constantinople in 426 AD. Temples in the times of the Acropolis were meant to only be viewed from the outside and not entered. There are seventeen Doric columns on the sides and eight on each end. The back room, which sheltered Athena’s treasure, is supported by four Ionic columns. There is also a 520 foot long continuous running frieze carved in low relief of the Ionic order at the top of the inner and outer colonnades surrounding the building. This is unique amongst Greek temple artwork due to its depiction of mere mortals included in the frieze. Freestanding sculptural figures in the pediments are some of the finest depictions of classical Greek art. All of the figures are sculpted showing natural movement that is evident through their thinly veiled clothing. The west pediment displays the battle between Athena and

More about The Acropolis Essay

Open Document