The Abc Model of Crisis Intervention Essay

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The ABC Model of Crisis Intervention is a mental health interview counselors use for clients who have experienced some sort of psychosocial stressor (Kanel, 2010). The model consists of a three-stage process that includes achieving contact, boiling down the problem to basics, and coping, and is most effective when used within four to six weeks of the stressor’s occurrence. For counselors, developing and maintaining a rapport with the client is the foundation of crisis intervention, as the client needs to feel the counselor understands and accepts them before work can begin (Kanel, 2010). Identifying the problem is the most important component of the ABC model and through the interview process, the counselor explores the client’s perceptions regarding the stressor and identifies any behavioral, social, academic, and occupational impairments in functioning. The counselor then identifies any ethical or substance abuse concerns and uses educational comments, empowerment/support statements, and reframes as therapeutic interactions with the client. Finally, the counselor identifies the client’s current coping strategies and presents possible coping alternatives such as support groups, long-term therapy, legal referrals or referrals to other medical professionals or agencies. It is important that the counselor take steps to get a client’s commitment to follow-through with recommendations. Some may consider the six-step model a more straightforward and efficient intervention model designed to work as an integrated problem-solving process (James, 2008). All six steps involve an ongoing assessment, which is also a critical component of crisis intervention. The first three steps of the model include defining the problem, ensuring client safety, and providing support, and are considered “psychological first-aid.” Additionally, it is necessary for
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