President Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, the president of Mexico at the time, started to move the governmental system of Mexico towards a dictatorship. This in conjunction with the annulment of the constitution of 1824 early in the year of 1835 cause compelled large numbers of federalists to revolt. Though Texas was a part of Mexico at the time, many of its residents were used to a federalist government paired with vast amounts of freedoms. One of these freedoms that these residents missed the most was freedom, and the right, to own slaves. The Texians became quite displeased with Mexico’s shift towards centralism and their abolition of slavery in 1831.
Religion, language, and government in Texas are three other themes that can be identified in throughout the constitutions. Examining the characteristics of the seven constitutions can help identify the similarities and differences between them. Slavery in the Texas Constitutions One common theme of the seven constitutions of Texas is slavery and how it was influenced through the constitutions. In the beginning, 1827, slavery was not recognized. The constitution of 1836 legally allowed slavery in the state of Texas and by 1845 when the constitution was once again revised, Texas was admitted as a slave state.
Over time, the Mexican government became more centralized, less federalist, and eventually steered the Texans to call for independence. Early in March 1836, Texas declared its independence from Mexico; and for the next two months, bloody battles ensued. Mexico, under supreme dictator and President Santa Anna, vowed to remove the Anglo-American brigands from Mexico. Sam Houston’s small, undertrained and underequipped army of ragtag volunteers conducted a tactical retreat to gain time, manpower, and material as well as spread the Mexican army’s supply lines over one thousand miles. Houston’s goal was to conduct a campaign of his choosing and not that of the Mexican army.
(10) The Texas Revolution was launched in October of 1835 by settlers in Mexican Texas. There were many Texans who did not understand the ultimate goal of the Revolution. Some Texans wanted reimplementation of the Mexican Constitution of 1824, which had greater freedoms than the centralist government in Mexico run by General Santa Anna. Texas attempted to petition for the establishment of a separate state government, but got rejected. Other Texans wanted complete and total freedom from Mexico; they wanted Texas to be its own independent country.
Mr. Lincoln’s election was a regional election, one in which he carried no southern states. Pollard says that,” if the North was prepared to act in a mass of its power was irresistible; and the election of Mr. Lincoln plainly showed that it was prepared so to act and to carry out a sectional design.” Pollard is basically saying that it was the North who created such a sectional rift between northern and southern states and this is why the South planned on seceding. Not because of attacks on the institution of slavery, but because of the underwhelming lack of electoral votes given to the South. As you can see, after the war, there was a split amongst the reasons for secession, but no matter how southern sympathizers coat it, the main cause is
The term reconstruction is used because this was the period when the federal government restored seceded states to the Union. This quickly proved to be a difficult and strenuous process as the government had to figure out three major issues: one, how to deal with the southern states as they rejoined the union; two, how the southern whites should be treated; and three, how to deal with the freed slaves. Abraham Lincoln came up with a plan that was strongly opposed by Congress. It basically stated that if Southern states were willing to take an oath of allegiance to the United States, then they shouldn’t be punished. After Lincoln’s assassination, President Andrew Johnson decided to adopt Lincoln’s plan of reconstruction.
There was a lot of pressure between the north and south. Just like any other large group of people, of course there were some disagreements, which is probably why the whole thing escalated the way it did. What one liked the other did not, for example, the confederate states (South) wanted to keep slavery around because it was very important to them and the union (North) did not find the need to keep it around. The emancipation of slaves depended on who won the war or not which caused more problems than expected. President Lincoln, just by going off of the fact that he asked the soldiers to only sign up for three months shows that he did not expect the war to last as long as it did.
Here are a number of major differences between the Federal Constitution and the Constitution of the State of Texas of 1876. The first is in each document's history. The US has had only two "Constitutions", as it were. The first being the Articles of Confederation, followed by the current Constitution. Texas, on the other hand, has had no less than seven: the Constitution of Coahuila y Tejas, the 1836 Constitution of the Republic, the and the State Constitution of 1845 (annexation by the US), 1861 (secession into the CSA & Civil War), 1866 (Rejoining the Union & Presidential Reconstruction), 1869 (Congressional Reconstruction), and the current Constitution of 1876 (Post-Reconstruction).
What Lead to the Civil War. From the beginning of the United States, war was inevitable between the North and the South, over the issues of slavery. Ever since Eli Whitney’s invention of the cotton gins in 1790, the South has been on a completely different economic path from the North. In the 1850’s political developments, the Fugitive slave act, the Dread Scott decision, and the John Brown raid, eventually all drove the regions further and further apart. Even though the North and South tried to reconcile their differences on the issue of slavery by implementing compromises in the 1820’s and 1850’s, both attempts failed, leading up to the Civil War.
Examples included voting rights and citizenship, and the founders passed this to the states to decide. According to Bowles, 2011, American History 1865 to present End of Isolation, though slavery was the underlying reason for the war, another central debate was the rights of states versus the powers of the federal government. While Republicans were strongly in favor of a stronger federal government, Johnson opposed this direction and wanted states to have more power, includ¬ing the southern states. Which basically meant, more blacks in the government ; Johnson disapproved. As Johnson and Congress wres¬tled with these issues, their clash came to somewhat of a head with a disagreement over the Freedman’s Bureau.