The process of changing one element into another is called transmutation. The two main ways that a transuranic nucleus can be produced is by bombarding its nucleus with ions or neutrons. These ions or neutrons can be captured by the target nucleus and produce heavier nucleus. Transuranic element 1: U-238 is bombarded with neutrons it can be converted to U-239 which then undergoes beta decay to produce neptunium and plutonium. Pu-239 is changed to americium-241 by neutron
Then, the day after the nuclear explosion, the contaminated dust and water rain down and contaminate a large area. This rain is known as the fallout. The head wave comes from the gigantic energy that develops from the detonation. In the center of the detonation, the temperature can reach several million degrees. The head wave only takes a few seconds, but it kills everyone within a three-mile radius.
The atomic bomb works by a physical phenomenon known as Fission. In this case, particles, specifically nuclei, are split and great amounts of energy are released. This energy is expelled explosively and violently in the atomic bomb. The massive power behind the reaction in an atomic bomb arises from the forces that hold the atom together called the strong nuclear force. The element used in atomic bombs is Uranium-235.
In Mexico City of 1985 and San Francisco of 1989 there were big earthquakes. Many people died and may buildings were destroyed. About 100,000 people were killed and over 300,000 buildings were destroyed or damaged. Both of these Earthquakes were quite similar. The 1985 Mexico City earthquake was one of the most devastating earthquakes in the history of the Americas.
Even though nuclear power plants have beyond multiple back-up system’s there is still a possibility of a plant malfunctioning and experiencing a full meltdown. There have been a total of eight partial melt downs in America alone, Three Mile Island being the worst. America’s structure rules for containment buildings around core reactors are more strict than Ukraine’s Chernobyl power plant. The Chernobyl meltdown caused up to four thousand deaths in the years after the environment was flooded with radiation. Childhood thyroid cancer and birth deformities are of the most common problems due to the high levels of radiation (What is Nuclear Energy).
At approximately 5:12 a.m. on Wednesday, April 18, 1906 the city of San Francisco was struck by a 7.9 magnitude earthquake! The main shock occurred offshore about 2 miles out. The earthquake happened along the San Andreas Fault line, and the shock was felt from Oregon to Los Angeles. The earthquake was extremely catastrophic which also resulted in fires. This earthquake is remembered as one of the most destructive natural disasters next to the Galveston hurricane of 1900, and hurricane Katrina of 2005.
(Delgado 43) Research in atomic energy progressed when scientists learned that using a neutron to bombard atoms performed better than protons and alpha particles. That process would later become known as fission. Later into the research, two radio chemists, Otto Hahn and Fritz Strassmann would pioneer that the result of the splitting an atom concluded in lighter elements. They
Nuclear energy refers to use of radioactive materials for the production of electricity. This occurs in nuclear power plants through a process called fission. Fission entails bombarding the nucleus of an atom with neutrons, causing the neutron to split and releasing energy. Performing fission on radioactive materials, such as uranium, creates significant heat that can be used to create steam to run electricity producing turbines. Nuclear energy has a number negative effects.