The 19th Century Essay

633 WordsFeb 12, 20133 Pages
Soraya Lantimo Hist.118 History’s Dominion History’s Dominion Imperialism: the policy of extending the rule or authority of an empire or nation over foreign countries, or of acquiring and holding colonies and dependencies, was leveraged by racism; because it was the reasoning explanation for most European nations to explain their ability to conquer large areas around the world. “European civilization experienced a period of unprecedented rapid expansion around the globe during the last third of the nineteenth century” (West). The following is a summary about imperialism in Europe. “European nation-states had become very powerful because of industrialization and because of the organizational efficiency of the nation-state. European global expansion had actually begun in the fifteenth century, but the process greatly accelerated in the nineteenth century. Latin America and the seaports of Asia and Africa were the first to be colonized by Europeans. Native Americans were liquidated or thoroughly subjugated to European rule. Most Latin American descendents Latinos of the Spanish conquerors gained independence from Spain by the early 19th century, while many indigenous peoples remained subject” (West). “The Europeans did establish control over seaports and trade. In places like India and Indonesia, Europeans ruled indirectly through their domination of the local aristocracy. England was the leading European colonial power and had already established much of its overseas empire by the beginning of the 19th century. France was second, with its holdings in Southeast Asia and in North Africa, both of these being established during the 19th century” (West). In addition, “Portugal, Spain and Holland retained some colonies because they had been the earliest colonial powers, and still retained some of them in the 19th century. However, Germany and Italy were late

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