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l boys were baffled. "We thought, Why did he do this?" says Tim Goodell, one of Roger's older brothers. "Why didn't he wait and get through the election and have Nixon's support? Basically, he said he couldn't wait any longer. He couldn't see any more men dying." Nixon said he had a secret plan to get out of Vietnam and had offered gradual troop withdrawals. What Goodell was doing was pinning Nixon down, calling for a complete pullout in a little over a year. With an eye toward history, Goodell picked a memorable bill number: S. 3000. When he went out onto the Senate floor on September 25, 1969, he went alone. Now, this was Washington, D.C. Having "evolving" views is the easiest way to be ridiculed. Goodell was called Changeable Charlie! Instant Liberal! As his future Senate opponent James Buckley quipped, "It was the most stunning conversion since Saint Paul took the road to Damascus." Representative Mo Udall, a Democrat from Arizona, even created a special play for the annual congressional basketball game. It was called the Goodell Shift. As historian Timothy J. Sullivan explains, all the congressmen gathered on the right side of the court. Then someone would yell, "Senate!" And just like Charlie Goodell, a player ran to the left. AP Photo October 7, 1969 Henry Kissinger's secret taping system Kissinger: "[William F.] Buckley was in the other day. He is thinking of running for senator against Goodell." President Nixon: "That would be interesting. He might beat him. They are so sick of Goodell they would vote for him." Charlie Goodell was suddenly one of the most famous antiwar activists in the country. He agreed to lead the second Vietnam Moratorium, a November 15, 1969, march that brought hundreds of thousands of demonstrators to Washington. "I walk into our office that Saturday morning," says Mitrovich, "and Jane Fonda is sitting in a yoga position on

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