Terrorism & United States Essay

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Terrorism & the United States According to James Polland, author of “Understanding Terrorism, Groups, Strategies, and Responses:” “Terrorism is becoming the defining issue of the twenty-first century. The cycle of terrorist violence, governmental and military repressions, and vengeance is now quite commonplace. These facts alone create a need for a vigorous academic analysis of the use of terrorism and terror to achieve a political objective. The challenge for democratic governments is to balance civil and human rights with security and public safety. The function of the criminal justice system is to maintain the balance between liberty and law enforcement.” (Polland, 2011) In order to discuss terrorism we must first define it. The meaning of terrorism has changed over time due to all the occurrences of terrorist acts. There has been a tremendous amount of time and devotion as well as responsiveness devoted to studying and analyzing terrorism to provide logical understandings of the nature of terrorism and a definition for terrorism. Analysts agree that there is no consensus on how to define terrorism. This is due largely in part of there being no universally accepted definition? Defining terrorism is the vaguest component in terrorism studies. In 1983, the U.S. Department of State (DOS) defined terrorism as: "premeditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by subnational groups or clandestine agents, usually intended to influence an audience." (Sinai, 2008). As part of this definition, the term "noncombatant" includes civilians and military personnel who are unarmed or not on duty. The term 'international terrorism' refers to terrorism "involving citizens or the territory of more than one country," while the term 'terrorist group' refers to "any group practicing, or that has significant subgroups that practice,

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