Terms Essay

2212 WordsJun 12, 20119 Pages
Literary Terms Allegory[寓言]: A narrative or description having a second meaning beneath the surface one. -Although the surface story or description may have its own interest, the author’s major interest is in the ulterior meaning. When Pharoah in the Bible, for instance has a dream in which seven fat kine are devoured by seven lean kine, the story does not really become significant until Joseph interprets its allegorical meaning: that Egypt is to enjoy seven years of fruitfulness and prosperity followed by tended metaphor and sometimes as a series of related symbols. But it is usually distinguishable from both of these. It is unlike extended metaphor in that it involves a system of related comparisons rather than one comparison drawn out. It differs from symbolism in that it outs less emphasis on the images for their own sale and more on their ulterior meanings. Also, these meanings are more fixed. In allegory there is usually a one-to-one correspondence between the details and a single set of ulterior meanings. In complex allegories the details may have more than one meaning, but these meanings tend to be definite. Meanings do not ray out from allegory as they do from a symbol. Allegory is less popular in modern literature than it was in medieval and Renaissance writing, and it is much less often found in short poems than in long narrative works such as The faerie Queene, Everyman, and Pligrin’s Progress. It has sometimes, especially with political allegory, been used to disguise meaning rather than reveal it (or, rather, to disguise it from some people while revealing it to others). Though less rich than the symbol, allegory is an effective way of even in fairly short poems Alliteration[頭韻(法)]: The repetition initial consonant sounds. The repetition at close intervals of the initial consonant sounds of accented syllables or important words (for

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