Tensions Of Post-World War Ii Leading To Cold War

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Tensions of Post-World War II leading to the Cold War After World War II, there was an emergence of two superpowers that had once been allies, but ended up enemies due to very differing ideologies. A clash between the Soviet Union and the United States led to a period of conflict and tension known as the Cold War. This ideological clash between communism and capitalism heated up after the settlement of World War II, when each superpower set out to achieve its own goals as victors of the war. This led to the beginning of a long-lasting conflict that split Europe into two spheres of influence. Much of the tension between the Soviet Union and the United States was linked to the end of World War II and the negotiations for settlement that followed. During the war, the Soviets believed that Britain and the United States had intentionally delayed a second front against Germany. They suspected that their so-called “allies” had decided to let the Soviets bear most of the burden of the war, but intervened towards the end to influence peace settlements. These misconceptions left feelings of tension and hostility between the two superpowers. Both the Soviet Union and the United States had very different ideas of how to establish postwar security. The United States assumed that democratic governments and free markets would allow states to resolve their differences peacefully. However, Stalin was determined to use the Red Army to control most of Eastern Europe and pressure nations to follow orders from Moscow under communist rule. His fear of another attack from Germany or another Western power led him to create a buffer zone between Soviet territory and the rest of Europe. During his “Iron Curtain Speech,” Churchill mentions, “In a great number of countries, far from the Russian frontiers and throughout the world…Communist parties constitute a growing challenge and peril to
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