Telecommuniting and Organizational Structure Essay

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Effect of Telecommuting on the Organizational Structure, Design, and Culture: A Review of the Literature Pamela E. King Research Professor Russell Strickland, Ph.D. October 3, 2011 Effect of Telecommuting on the Organizational Structure, Design, and Culture: A Review of the Literature Although telecommuting (working outside the typical office setting) is often thought of as a new work structure, the concept of working remotely is hundreds of years old. Examples of “remote workers” could include Jesuit missionaries, military field commanders, and traveling sales representatives. With the creation of structuralized workforces the development of workplace establishments, super cede remote designed work structure. In the late 1980s it was anticipated that there would be a significant rise in the number of employees with worked from home using the then newly integrated technologies such as personal computers and telephone systems. However, today telecommuting is substantially increasing at a steady, albeit slow, pace. (Cross and Raizman) The reasons for the slower than anticipated increase in telecommuting have been attributed to the impact to the traditional organizational structure, design, and culture. Researchers have identified varying conclusions in addressing the following questions: 1. What effect does telecommuting have on organizational structure? 2. What effect does telecommuting have on organizational design? 3. What effect does telecommuting have on organizational culture? This review of the literature on the effects of telecommuting on an organization as a whole focuses on these three questions. What effect does telecommuting have on organizational structure? Organization structure is the framework that is used to establish line of authority and communications, and allocates the rights and duties of

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