Chapter 30 Factory system: The factory system replaced both the putting out system and proto industrial factories and was the characteristic method of production in industrial economies. Many of the new machines being made were too large and expensive for household use and were required to be in a bigger building. Engineers and entrepreneurs began to make complicated machines for large scale production. The significance of the factory system was it brought together more workers doing specialized tasks than ever before. It created jobs for people who never used to be able to work in the factory setting because the workers were required to do one task instead of the whole job.
After the Civil War, the United States experienced a time of great social and economic change. Americans encountered an onslaught of innovations in technology and science and the rampant rise of big business. Rapid urbanization and industrialisation enveloped much of the north and eventually consumed the frontier. The United States renovated its former rural republic into an urban state as the once barren frontier disappeared and was replaced with steel mills, large factories, transcontinental railroad lines, capacious agricultural acreage, and prosperous cities. However, the accelerated progression of the country’s economy and affluence wrought consequential effects.
This is getting into the Industrial Revolution, a time where big business controlled the way millions lived and worked. Production was up and spirits were down. Business was booming and conditions got worse. Populations as well as prices skyrocketed. The U.S. was truly stepping up its game, but at a cost.
In countries such as France, Latin America, the United States, and others, revolutions occurred and helped take control of political situations. In England, however, during the 1700’s, a different type of revolution took place. Triggered by the Agricultural revolution, this time period throughout the middle 1700’s is now known as the Industrial Revolution. This was a time where more techniques and inventions were created to increase efficiency in many areas of living. Size and number of farming land increased tremendously.
When steam power replaced water power, industries and factories arose, creating industrialized areas which attracted more and more people with the promise of paying jobs. While the increase in America’s urban population was great for the labor market, it also had an effect on the social reforms of the areas. The overcrowding of some areas led to outbreaks of contagious diseases such as cholera and typhoid. Medical personnel
They all worked together to produce the products instead of each of them making a product. How were all of these factory workers recruited? “A good many from the agricultural parts… People left other occupations and came to spinning for the sake of high wages.” [Document 2] People were leaving their farming jobs and other jobs to go to work in the factories because, just like now, money was a necessity in everyone’s life and working in factories gave workers more money to bring home and use to provide their family with other necessities. The process of Industrialization was a slow but fast moving process. There were a lot of new technologies popping up in all fields.
The early days of the Industrial revolution from 1800 to 1837 are a big change for America. It is principally a transformation in the economy due to the creations of new industries. Indeed, America shifts from an agrarian handcraft economy to a modern and technological one. However, even though the industrial changes brought economic advantages, it also brought stratification among Americans. In one side there is the working class fighting for his rights, and on the other side middle and upper class seeking their profits.
Industrialization cast a broad spectrum of effects on workers in the United States between the years of 1865 and 1914. For some, these effects prevailed successful, but for most they caused disposition and bitterness towards the United States government. Unions formed, workers gained rights, lost them and gained them back again, and strikes were a prominent gesture in expressing the dissatisfaction of the workers. One impact of industrialization on manufacturing was the development of the assembly line, along with numerous factories utilized to produce goods. One technological advancement made was the ability to transport goods more safely and easily.
A major effect of the industrialization was the rates of unemployment. These rate dropped significantly due to the high productivity and prosperity of big businesses. Since the businesses were doing so well and were producing many goods, they did not need a lot of workers to do the jobs which the machines were doing. A lot of people were very upset about this because they were losing their jobs and were no longer able to support themselves. These people were also angry at the working conditions and danger in the labor forces.
Industrialization of America Just like each chapter of history is important, because it makes a remarkable difference in our present time, a period of Industrial Revolution is very important as well, with no doubt. It had made a significant impact on each aspect of life in the country. The significance of the Industrial Revolution in the United States was shaped according to politics, economics and society, as well as the response of the progressives. Politics affected the Industrial Revolution both positively and negatively in the United States. The lack of action regarding government policies and control ultimately had a negative impact, and this lack of action fueled the revolution and allowed the economy to grow unfettered.