Technological Vocabulary for Ielts Essay

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Progress words When you write and speak about computers and technology, very often you will be asked to say how technology has changed or progressed. notes Progress is an uncountable word, while advance is countable. So you say that “digital technology is an advance” but you cannot say that “digital technology is a progress” Impact words Another common topic is to talk about what effect computer technology has had on our lives notes Be careful with the difference between “affect” (generally a verb) and “effect” (generally a noun). Just to confuse you, in English they sound exactly the same. “impact” and “influence” are often used with the preposition “on” Technology and computer words It is very easy to keep on repeating the same word without knowing it. One way not to do this is to change the form of the word or to use it in a different phrase. notes Be careful with the spelling of technology. A “technophile” loves technology and a “technophobe” hates it. In speaking, you could use the less formal word “geek” for technophile, but I would avoid it writing. There is no great difference between “ICT” and “IT”. However, as my example shows ICT is most frequently used as the name of an academic subject. Adjectives notes It is normal to use hyphens (-) in adjective phrases such as “state-of-the-art” when they are used before nouns (“state-of-the-art technology”), but you do not always need them when they are used without a noun (“this technology is state of the art”). “obsolete” is similar in meaning to “outdated”, but is a stronger word to show that the technology is so old that it cannot be used any longer. It is normal to write “high tech” rather than “high technology”. Device words This is a rather confusing set of words to describe different kinds of objects. notes A “device” is often something fairly small that allows you to

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