This suggests that Russia’s economy was improving very early on and this method of increasing their economic power panned out to be successful in the long term, however this would only be successful if the peasants buying the land were productive. This also suggests that Alexander III was a productive Tsar who was determined to improve Russia’s status by taking control of the situation and making a difference. Foreign loans were introduced in the 1890’s by Vyshnegradsky and later carried on by Witte when he gained control of the economy of Russia. This was a process where other European countries, mainly Britain and France would loan Russia money so they could improve their economy. This was very successful in the long term for Russia because Russia was able to gain a foreign alliance that would help Russia in times of desperation.
DBQ Although the needs of farmers were recognized and appealed to, agriculture was still drastically changed by technology, government policy, and economic conditions, eventually leading to a sharp decline between 1865 and 1900. This thesis will be defended by examining the impact of technology on agriculture, analyzing government policy, and studying economic conditions. With the many advancements made in technology, agriculture became more beneficial and allowed more farmers to prosper. The creation of tools such as the chilled-iron plow, the grain drill and the baling press all contributed to the domination of the Plains. However, most of these technological innovations were not within the grasp of the average farmer; only wealthy farmers could afford to own things such as the wheat harvester and the number of horses it took to pull it (Document D).
Also, 200,000 black Americans gained more work from the The Civilian Conservation Corps.In addition, it created the Agriculture Adjustment Administration which helped to modernize farming methods and materials in order for farmers to create more goods. As mentioned before, one may argue that The New Deal did help Americans in any way. This may be because it never solved on going economic issues that the government was encountering and this, found complicating. Furthermore,some acts of the New
OI: Because of the prosperous soil in the Chesapeake colonies, the economy was agriculturally based. For example, the economy of this region lacked stability because tobacco often exceeded demand. Their economy was strictly dependent on crops. Religion was secondary in the Chesapeake region because most people came to the Chesapeake to farm rather than to escape religious conflicts. Although different in most ways, the colonies both shared a feeling of superiority over the Natives.
Stalin expected agricultural yield to increase due to a higher efficiency, mechanisation and a greater work incentive, he also believed that mechanisation would decrease the need for farm labour, increasing the number of proletariats in the city. Collectivisation was both a success and failure. Collectivisation was a success because it achieved one of its initial aims, state procurement for grain increased from 11 million tonnes in 1928 to 23 million tonnes in 1933, because of this proletariats could be fed and supplied with grain. This was vital for communism to succeed as the proletariats were needed for the factories and industrialisation. The increase in state procurement also meant that exports of grain increased.
Despite this, there were some similarities to both economies. The main ones being that the south did actually have some industry, and that underneath the surface, both the north and the south were fundamentally rural. A fundamental difference between the economies of the north and the south was that the north was more urban. The north saw a much larger population of immigrants; this is because industrial expansion and urbanisation created jobs that attracted them to the north more than the south. Out of 5 million immigrants that arrived in America from 1815-1860, 1 in 6 chose to live in the north, compared to 1 in 30 in the south.
Despite the positive changes that occurred, the quality and maintenance of the new infrastructures were very poor, furthermore most weren’t even completed. Plus the growth of the Russian economy was also highly dependant on foreign investments and loans. Living and labouring conditions in the outskirt areas became places where ambitious and hardworking farmers could persevere, become independent, successful landowners and buy land from their neighbours. Loans could be given to the farmers and paid back with the small profits made during harvest seasons. With this new form of farming (called Kulaks) that was introduced to the farmers the food production increased, successfully reaching a record harvest in 1913.
Farming around the thirty year period of 1870 to 1900 was not a fair or successful one. One demographic that suffered immensely was the black population. Fresh out of the civil war, African Americans tried to acquire land, but had a difficult time paying off loans, which had high interest rates and took property as collateral. Black land owners were then forced to take out more loans, which thrust them into a spiraling debt (Document B). As seen in “The Farmers’ Grievances”, a skillful farmer, compared to his physicist or tailor counterparts would never terminate his financial troubles; and in contrast to other professions, advancements and pioneering in the farming field only dug the financial pit deeper (Document A).
This was mostly due to his policies of collectivisation which made economic sense and forced a lot of peasants to leave the land, which was a process needed in order to change an agricultural rural society to an urban and industrial one as well s the fact that his industrialisation plan increased massively the heavy industry in Russia; the production of raw materials such as iron, coal, steel and oil all increased successfully. There were other successes in his economic policy of rearmament, which also improved labour productivity and the transport in the country. However, it would be incorrect to say that all what Stalin did during this period was a success since he also presented various failures, for example not being able to boost the production of consumer goods as well as creating a huge man made famine. It was clear at the time that Russia needed a change, as Stalin said: ‘’ We are fifty or a hundred years behind the advanced countries. We must make good this