Teaching World Englishes Essay

8754 WordsJun 16, 201336 Pages
Teaching World Englishes 1. Introduction 2. The Worldwide Spread of English 2.1. 2.2. 2.3. Kachru`s Concentric Circle Model Modified Version of Kachru`s Concentric Circles Model Possible Future of English 3. ‘World English’ vs. ‘World Englishes’ 4. Kachruvian Philosophy of Language 5. Nativisation 5.1. 5.2. The Effect of Culture on Language The Importance of Culture in Language Classrooms 6. World Englishes and Language Teaching 6.1. 6.2. Innovative ideas Simpler and more regular English? 7. Conclusion References 1 1. Introduction English has been spreading at a great rate. Unquestionably it has become the essential means of global communication. Recent studies suggest that nowadays there are more nonnative speakers than native speakers of English language. Studies have proposed an estimated 375 million people speaking English as their first language (ENL), around 375 million people speaking English as their second language (ESL), and around 750-1.000 million people speaking English as a foreign language ( EFL) (McArthur, 2001). As for the ownership of the English, Crystal notes that “when even the largest English speaking nation, the USA, turns out to have only about 20 % of the world`s English speakers…it is clear that no one can claim sole ownership of English” (Crystal 1997:130). Nowadays it is believed by more and more scholars with each passing day that there is not one English language anymore. American English (AmE) and British English (BrE) have always been considered as the prevailing standard Englishes. On the other hand, the varieties of Australian, Canadian and New Zealander English have been less-preferred. As Crystal says when a “language becomes used in all corners of the world, by people from all walks of life, so it begins to develop new spoken varieties which are used by local people as symbols of their identity… In the course of

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