The Code of Practice suggests that children and young people and young people who are described as requiring School Action or School Action Plus provision or have a Statement of Special Educational Needs (SEN) should have an Individual Education Plan (IEP). • An IEP is a tool to help plan for meeting the SEN of children and young people/young people and to help in teaching them effectively the emphasis is placed on the involvement of parents/carers and children and young people/young people. The Code of Practice identifies the information an IEP should contain: o The short term targets set for or by the children and young people and young people o The teaching strategies to be used o The provision to be put in place o When the plan is to be reviewed o Success and/or exit criteria o Outcomes (to be recorded when the IEP is reviewed) • IEPs should focus on: o Up to three or four key individual targets set to help meet the Individual children and young people and young people needs and particular priorities. Targets set in IEPs will largely relate to curriculum objectives: communication, literacy, mathematics, and all aspects of behaviour or physical skills. Targets can be set to meet more holistic objectives, such as the development of independence skills.
Next, review any data on the child from classroom-based assessments and recent state and district-wide assessments to determine where the child is functioning in relation to those standards, benchmarks, and grade-level indicators. This may be formal or informal data. Also, review the child’s most recent ETR and their progress or lack of progress on the IEP being replaced. Finally, it is important to decide how the child’s characteristics of their disability affect their progress in the general education curriculum. Step 3: Develop the Present Level of Performance (PLOP) for academic achievement and functional performance.
Rebecca Cochrane Student number: 20993737 NCFE number: 102646872 Address: 12c Khyber Road, Parkstone, Dorset, BH122DG ASSIGNMENT 1 Task 1 Design a child development booklet which outlines the expected pattern of development for children and young people from birth to 19 years, to include a chart or timeline which illustrates the different aspects of development.. Social, Physical, Intellectual, Communication and Language, Emotional. Social development involves learning the values, knowledge and skills that enable children to relate to others effectively and to contribute in positive ways to family, school and the community. This kind of learning is passed on to children directly by those who care for and teach them, as well as indirectly through social relationships within the family or with friends, and through children’s participation in the culture around them. Through their relationships with others and their growing awareness of social values and expectations, children build a sense of who they are and of the social roles available to them. As children develop socially, they both respond to the inﬂuences around them and play an active part in shaping their relationships.
What is meant by inclusion? Inclusion is an active not a passive process (Corbett Cited in Soan 2004:8) and no matter what background, religion, special need, race or disability the child should be include in the whole aspect of the curriculum. Having the environment and resources adapted to meet each individuals specific needs removing any barriers to learning and enabling every child to reach their potential. Inclusion is a big issue within mainstream education today and is very closely connected to the Special Educational Needs (SEN) practice already in place within schools. Many people believe that if a child has Special Educational Needs he/she should be educated in a special school.
support each child in their learning and work with parents and carers as partners in children’s learning and development. understand your responsibilities in meeting the learning and development and safeguarding and welfare requirements of the EYFS. oversee the educational programmes to ensure that all areas of learning are includedand that assessment is consistent and used well to inform planning. promote equality and diversity and have a clear overview of the progress of all the children who attend. evaluate your provision, use this information to identify priorities for development and set challenging targets for improvement, with a focus on children’s achievements.
It includes the requirements for: services to work more closely, forming an integrated service, a common assessment of children’s needs, a shared database of information which is relevant to the safety and welfare of children and earlier support for parents who are experiencing problems. Policies which safeguard: schools and childcare settings must develop a range of policies which ensure the safety, security and well-being of their children. These will set out the responsibilities of staff and the procedures that they must follow. Policies may be separate or incorporated into one
One most important tip is for teachers should educate themselves and learn as much as they can about intellectual disabilities. There are some techniques and strategies that teachers can also use to support children educationally. First teachers must recognize that they can make a difference in student’ lives by finding out what their strengths and interests are, focus on them, and create opportunities for success. Teachers must also be concrete as possible by demonstrating what they mean rather than giving directions verbally and tasks that are longer in steps should be broken down into smaller steps and provide assistance when necessary. As it relates to student skills, teachers should teach life skills such as social skills and occupational awareness and exploration by involving students in group or club activities.
Baseline data helps the teacher decide how far the child is from where he or she should be. It also helps the teacher to develop objectives and instructional plans. Determining Effectiveness of Instruction Another critical aspect of monitoring behavior is to assess the effectiveness of the program. Keeping track of the student's behavior helps the teacher make decisions about when instructional changes are needed to help the child make progress on his or her individualized objectives. Communicating About a Child's Progress Monitoring student's progress on objectives facilitates communication in the classroom, with parents, and with students.
Inclusion classrooms were developed to help a child with special needs become a part of a regular classroom that is the least restrictive as possible. When a child is first placed on an Individual Education Plan (IEP), they are given some goals based on the type of plan they will be working on. Children are put on an IEP because they have physical, behavior, or academic disabilities which they require some assistance in different forms (Dildine, 2010). The federal government created the Individual with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) to help protect children with disabilities from being excluded or treated unfairly in a regular classroom setting (Ballard, 2006). Placing a child in an inclusive classroom requires a team of people to assess the individual child’s needs and prepare the child, peers and teachers for the child to reenter a regular classroom environment.
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), America's special education law, says that "In determining the educational placement of a child with a disability, including a preschool child with a disability, each public agency shall ensure that the placement decision is made by a group of persons, including the parents, and other persons knowledgeable about the child, the meaning of the evaluation data, and the placement options." Sec. 300.552(a)(1). (Clerc) Inclusion is based on IDEA’s principle of the least restrictive environment and it plays a huge role in this process. Inclusion refers to the participation of students with disabilities alongside their nondisabled peers in academic, extracurricular, and other school activities.