Because they reflect solar energy back into space they have a cooling effect on the world. The greenhouse gas, carbon dioxide is also produced however the CO2 produced is insignificant when compared to emissions created by humans. (see also featured article - Do Volcanoes cause climate change) Ocean current - The oceans are a major component of the climate system. Ocean currents move vast amounts of heat across the planet. Winds push horizontally against the sea surface and drive ocean current patterns.
Why are deserts so dry? Three rules of atmospheric aerodynamics: First, hot air rises and cool air sinks. Second, rising air expands and cools, while sinking air compresses and becomes warmer. Third, warmer air can hold more water vapour than cooler air. These three things plus the sun's heat determine where rain falls on the planet.
The sun radiates solar energy towards earth. Some of this energy gets absorbed by the earth’s surface and some energy is radiated back into space as long wave energy. Certain gases in the atmosphere prevent this reflected energy to pass; they trap the energy and thereby warm the atmosphere and the surface of the earth just like in a greenhouse. Therefore, those gases are known as greenhouse gases (GHG). The main GHGs within the atmosphere are Carbon dioxide (CO2) and water vapor (H2O).
This is because of the Ozone layer which is heated when it absorbs the Ultraviolet Radiation of the Sun. Chemicals can stay in this layer for a long period of time due to vertical convection. This is the main problem for the depletion of the Ozone layer. The next layer is the Mesosphere.
Is it how we cannot see but sense them. Whatever it is I am going to find out. “A ghost is the energy, of a soul or personality of a person who has died and has somehow gotten stuck between this plane of existence and the next” (Wagner). The most common belief is that ghosts cause a decrease in temperature. But that is not true due to the fact that if ghosts would cause a temperature difference they would have to cause a temperature increase due to the fact that they increase the energy in the atmosphere causing the kinetic energy in the atmosphere to increase and temperature is the average amount of kinetic energy in an area.
Since acid rain has very high emission rates, some attempts have been made to try to reduce the pollution from the rain. Coal that has high sulfur levels gets washed before it’s burned to make electricity, and the sulfur dioxide that’s made when coal burns is sometimes removed during the burning of the coal, by adding powdered limestone to the combustion chamber. This removes about half of the sulfur dioxide from the coal. The rest is removed by “scrubbing” the reaction gas with Lime (CaO) and water. When acid rain falls, it sometimes raises the levels of acids in certain soils, removing nutrients from the soil that helps plants grow.
Warm water in the pacific is usually pushed to the west but during El Niño the warm water stays near the Northwestern coasts of South America which can cause damages in fishing and changes in weather pattern across the world. The article was very well written and had many examples and explanations to help the average reader to understand the results of both La Niña and El Niño. I don’t like the fact that the article wasn’t direct with informing the reader what El Niño and La Niña actually are; I believe that information was too subtle and could have
The Green House Effects is one of the main causes of this warming. Some greenhouse gases are needed. “The greenhouse effect is unquestionably real and helps to regulate the temperature of our planet.” (EPA) Without the GreenHouse effect the Earth could not be warmed. Human activity is adding more of these gases. “The increase in the mean temperature of the earth due to excessive emissions of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrogen.” ( Green) These extra gases are making it hard for heat to escape the Earth’s atmosphere resulting in warmer temperatures.
Ultraviolet-B (UVB) rays are what is known as a short-wave solar ray. UVB exposure is drastically more intense than the exposure one will receive from UVA rays. This particular type of solar ray is the main culprit behind basal cell and squamous cell carcinomas. UVB rays are also a significant cause of melanoma cancers. Do you remember when your mom used to nag you
(United States Environmental Protection Agency). Similar to the Volatile organic compound use polluting the indoor air quality, the use of the similar chemicals, is cause atmospheric issues as well. Take the Ozone Depletion issue, the ozone layer is a layer of naturally occurring ozone gases that sits 9.3 to 18.6 miles above the earth and serves as our shield from the harmful rays of ultraviolet B radiation that is emitted from the sun (1996-2013 National Geographic Society). There is a concern that the ozone layer is deteriorating due to the release of pollution containing chemical like chlorine and bromine (1996-2013 National Geographic Society). Also chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), chemicals found mainly in spray aerosols heavily used by industrialized nations for much of the past 50 years, are the primary culprits in ozone layer breakdown (1996-2013 National Geographic Society).