Similarly to the Salem witch trials, McCarthyism started in a time of great fear, but instead of fearing witches that made pacts with the Devil, the people of the 1950’s feared communism. A virtually unheard of senator named Joseph McCarthy was driven into infamy on February 9, 1950, when while at a conference at the Republican women’s group of Wheeling, West Virginia, he accused 205 people in the U.S. State Department of being a part of the communist party. Later, McCarthy claimed to have the names of 57 State Department communists, and called for an investigation. In a place where the fear of such a prospect was already present, the idea that so many high officials
In conclusion the Cold War was caused by U.S. fear of the spread of communism and other events. The United States means of control was to contain communism at all cost. Many treaties were put in place to protect the two superpowers. The Soviet Union tried to influence other nations with communism and the United States tried with democracy. This battle of the superpowers lasted for fifty years.
She then brings up the issue of unnerving newspaper headlines such as “Bloodlust Video Games Put Kids in the Crosshairs” (205). Sternheimer feels not enough emphasis has been given to other issues such as “social rejection and depression” (206). She also brings our attention to information on statistical evidence. Sternheimer believed it to be “controversial” and feels it “exclude[s] a host of other factors” (207). Sternheimer feels it is these other over looked factors that are truly the cause of “young killers” (210).
In October 1947, the Committee began to subpoena screenwriters, directors, and other professionals about their known or suspected membership in the Communist Party. This was called the “Black List”, also known as the “Hollywood Ten”, they cited the First Amendment, but this tactic failed and they were sentenced to prison for contempt of Congress (Wales and Sanger). The military was also at risk and 83 alleged Communist were discharged, also nearly 3,000 seamen and longshoremen lost their jobs due to this cause (Drummey). Suspected homosexuality was also common cause for being a target for McCarthyism. In many cases simply being subpoenaed was sufficient cause to be fired and blamed for this horrific
On December 7, 1941 Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor and sank three of the eight American battleships, destroyed 150 airplanes and killed 2,400 Americans (Bowles, 2011). The main reasons why the Japanese attacked the United States was because the United States mistrusted Japan and was strongly against Japanese aggressions into China. In 1940 the US imposed an embargo of all scrap metal and oil to Japan. Officials said that it would take further sanctions like freezing of all Japanese assets in the US if Japan didn't abandon its incursions into East Asia. There was 16 million Americans that went off to fight and 400,000 of them would lose their lives, but worldwide 80 million people were killed (Wattenberg, 2000).
Wikipedia.org/wiki/Habeas_corpus_in_the_united_states, Wikipedia Foundation Inc, December 25th 2012 4. Lincoln issues proclamation suspending habeas corpus rights, Longley, Robert, About.com 5. Lincoln’s suspension of Habeas Corpus as viewed by Congress Sellery, George, University of Chicago Press, 1907. Vol. 1 6.
The Japanese military success with the bombing of Pearl Harbor was obviously of great importance to the United States but helping our allies defeat Hitler took precedence after Winston Churchill asked the president Franklin D. Roosevelt for support in defeating Hitler. With so much division in the world at the time the U.S wanted to make sure ally relationships didn't crumble. With the instability in
Eisenhower’s administration was to a somewhat large extent successful in addressing Cold War fears after World War II through attempts at promoting capitalism and preventing the spread of communism. The end of the Second World War put many American citizens in fear. Some of the fears addressed by Eisenhower were mass hysteria, the Kremlins affect on our people, depression and keeping the economy up. (doc a) Communism was a huge fear at this time, and the secretary of state, John Dulles was able to help with this problem during Eisenhower’s presidency. His major concern was the spread of communism in America.
No matter what one’s ideology is, some will blame a chamber of Congress, the other will blame the White House. It is clear that both used the proletariat masses as hostages to make the other side to capitulate because of their unnecessary suffering because of their willingness to throw a wrench in the cogs of the federal Government. In this day and age, partisan politics is just as much as a societal scourge as racism, sexism and other types of prejudicial strife. It is seemingly that the Founding Fathers intended to use a form of conflict theory that would keep American society in check. What has been called, “Checks and Balances” is indeed a form of conflict theory.
The hearings of Senator Joe McCarthy also utilize mob psychology for the benefit of an individual. McCarthy uses the fear of an attack by the Communist Soviet Union to build up hype in order to develop his political career. This fear that, 'in America, any man who is reactionary in his views is open to the charge of alliance with the Red hell' (1052), is an example of the fears people have of Communist infiltration. The 'Red hell' mentioned by the narrator is the Communist Party, and during the 1950s, one would be tried for treason if he or she is accused of being affiliated with this unfavorable party. The reaction of the people to this hype is just as McCarthy expects.