Nurses must use sterile dressings on open skin surfaces to prevent infection. We must also keep patient equipment and supplies clean in order to prevent the spread of germs. Nurses must also use personal protective equipment like a mask, eye protection and a face shields if you are near a patient care activity that may involve a splash or spray of body fluids, they should then dispose of all single use personal protective equipment immediately after use. Cleaners should clean toilets with disinfectant to kills any germs. They should also clean any surfaces e.g.
Control means to contain the infection once someone has it for example using personal protective equipment and washing your hands even if they don’t feel dirty. 1:2 Employers’ responsibilities in relation to the prevention and control of infection are set out in the Health and Safety at work act 1974. And this states that employers have a responsibility to protect employees’ from danger and harm, as reasonably practicable. Employers must: * Provide a safe workspace. * Carry out risk assessments to assess the dangers of certain work activities.
1.2 Explain how duty of care contributes to the safeguarding or protection of individuals Risk Assessment By ensuring risk assessments are been carried out within a setting before each session. Make sure all equipment and toys are safe and the equipment is age appropriate for the children in care. Assessing the setting and making sure there are no potential hazards like hazard materials being left out or electrical sockets being left uncovered. Ensuring the setting is clean to stop the spread of infection. That food is stored properly to stop cross-infection and the kitchen is always clean to stop the spread of bacteria and germs.
1.2Explain how duty of care contributes to the safeguarding or protection of individuals. If you make sure risk assessments are being carried out within the workplace to make sure all equipment and toys are safe for the children in my care .Assessing the workplace and making sure there are no potential hazards like hazard materials being left out or electrical sockets being left uncovered. That food is stored properly to stop cross-infection and the kitchen is always clean. 2.Know how to address conflicts or dilemmas that may arise between an individual’s rights and the duty of care. 2.1Describe potential conflicts or dilemmas that may arise between the duty of care and an individual’s rights.
Cleaning schedules are in place to prevent and control infections. The environment should be visibly clean and acceptable to residents, staff and visitors. Regular cleaning is important to maintain the appearance and function of the premises, the chosen method of cleaning should remove the contamination and not spread it. Cleaning schedules are put in place to inform users, staff and visitors who cleaned, what is cleaned, what time and day cleaning takes place, whether something needs to be cleaned daily, weekly or monthly and what chemicals were used to clean. 3.
Regular cleaning and good design features of buildings, fittings and fixtures can achieve this. A cleaning schedule should be written based on a COSHH assessment, which includes the management of spillage of body fluids and regular removal of dust. This should specify the staff responsible for cleaning, the frequency of cleaning and methods used and the expected outcomes. The work environment must be visibly clean, free from dust and soilage and acceptable to service users, their visitors and other staff.
Hair must be clean, tied back off the collar with a plain band when in clinical environment and scissors and other sharp or hard objects must not be carried outside breast pockets for safety reasons. 3. Outline the main health and safety responsibilities of: • Self – keeping store rooms and other areas clean and tidy and making sure patients are using the appropriate walking aids. Keeping up to date with mandatory competencies such as fire safety, first aid and equipments. • The employer or manager – To make sure that employees are up to date with mandatory health and safety training to improve the safety at work for themselves as well as patients.
Unit 4223-031 Outcome 1 Understand how to maintain a clean environment to prevent the spread of infection. 1. State the general principles for environmental cleaning. The work environment should clean dry and germ free. Dust, dirt and liquid substances must not be allowed to build up.
*ensuring that both myself and all service users have the appropriate footwear on at all times *putting signs up when there is a wet floor Never trying to carry out a task on my own when it is obvious that another person is required *knowing the fire procedure policy *Basic hygiene *Using personal protective equipment (ppe) at relevant times *Ensuring that all moving and handling is carried out with the minimal lifting technique so as to avoid injury to myself or the service user. *Ensure that all equipment has been serviced and is in a good, clean working order, along with any attachments that are needed for it. *Making sure that when hand over is done at shift change that the office door is closed so that nobody outside of staff members are aware of what is being discussed *Not discussing other residents when in a separate residents room – or within earshot of a third party
There are many different ways phlebotomist can go about with the safety and infection control. As a phlebotomist when drawing blood make sure to wear gloves, inspect the gloves to assure that there is no holes, use clean needles, when disposing the needle be sure to deposit them in a waste basket. Also if there is any spilled blood in the health care environment it is important that phlebotomist clean it up while wearing protective gloves and disposing the gloves and soiled rag in a biohazard container. It is better to regulate on the side of being too cautious when implementing OSHA regulations, rather than being too casual. Neglecting the safety and infection control can cause major problems in a healthcare facility so it is key that you go about the proper procedures and routine to keep everything safe and clean.