1. Know the different types of schools in the education sector: 1.1 Identify the main types of state and independent schools: Community Foundation Voluntary Specialist Independent Academy SEN 1.2 Describe the characteristics of the different types of schools in relation to: a) Educational Stages Nursery- this is the foundation stage which is up to the age of 4 Primary- this is foundation which is reception. Key stage one aged 5-7 and key stage two which is aged 7-11. Secondary- this is key stage 3 which is aged 11-14 and key stage 4 which is aged 14-16. Collages- this is key stage 5 which is aged 16-18.
Unit Number: 205 Schools as Organisations Worksheet 1: Different Types of School Characteristics of this type of school Assessment Criteria Primary (Infants & Junior): Secondary; Or three tier First school: Middle School: Upper School: Primary Schools generally cater for children aged from 4-11. Primary schools are often subdivided into Infant School for children aged 4-7 and Junior School for children aged 7-11. All state Primary Schools are obliged to follow a centralised National Curriculum. Each year is usually taught by one class teacher. Secondary School also known as High School is for children aged 11-18.
The Sure Start programme is intended to deliver the best start in life for every child by bringing together early education, childcare, health and family support. The funding is for 2 years before the child reaches school age. Early year’s foundation sets out one standard framework for learning development and care for all children. There are six areas covered by the early years learning goals and education programme: personal, social and emotional development; communication, language and literacy; problem solving, reasoning and numeracy; knowledge and understanding of the world; physical development and lastly creative development. This is provided through schools and nursery programmes.
EYFS covers the education of 3-5 year olds in England. In Wales it’s called Early Years Foundation Phase and covers foundation stage and key stage one of the curriculum (from 3 - 7 years old). Scotland is similar to Wales in the fact they deliver early years and early primary together (this is known as primary one), this is useful in terms of the children's progression through the school as if they are not ready to move on to the primary one phase then they will remain within the early years phase. The main focus of the early years phase is on active learning and cementing knowledge, and is more quality based. Northern Ireland children follow foundation stage, which starts when they are 5 yrs old, from around 7 years they will follow key stage one but similar to Scotland they will not progress until they are ready.
Many nurseries are now located on site a primary or community school to help the transition between foundation stages 1 and 2 easier for the children. However the independent nurseries are funded by the fee that the parents/guardian’s will pay so their children can attend a private nursery or attend earlier then the government funded age. Community schools are state schools and are not influenced by businesses and religious groups. They are completely controlled and owned by the local education authority. These schools will only have children who are from the local community as their admissions policy can be very strict.
1. Identify the main types of state and independent schools There are four main types of mainstream state schools, these are funded by the local authorities and also known as maintained schools. They will have to follow National Curriculum. These are as follow: COMMUNITY SCHOOLS Community schools are run and owned by the local authority which also support the schools to develop links with the local community by providing support services. They usually determine the admissions policy.
For example primary schools are part of the statutory sector because they are run by the government. Statutory sector primary schools have children aged from 5 to 11. They follow the national curriculum to teach the children, they teach the children lessons like English, maths, science. A normal school day starts at 8.30 and ends at 3.15. During that day the children would have a break time and a lunch time where they can then eat their packed lunch or the dinner’s
The admissions policy is determined by them, and they may provide the use of school facilities to local groups such as adult education, childcare classes and or after school clubs which are run for the use of local area. Foundation and Trust schools; These schools are run by their own governing body and will determine admissions by consulting with the (LEA) Local Education Authority. The governing body and or a charitable foundation is also the owner of the school, land and buildings, although a trust school will have an outside partner which is usually a business that provides the funding, and the school will fund for any external support services it uses themselves. A decision to become a trust school is decided by the governing body who involves the consultation of the parents that use the school. Voluntary schools;
Types of provision for age ranges D1 and D2 Statutory schools are schools that have to be available by law, they exist because the law states that all children should be educated from the age of 5 to 16 years and this should be provided by the government free of charge. A state primary school for children aged 5 to 7 years provides education for children to achieve basic literacy and numeracy and also foundation phase which have several areas of learning including science, maths, geography, history and social science. A nursery class in a state school for children under the age of 5 years old provides pre-school education that teaches a range of structured educational experiences that are based on learning through play. A private crèche for children aged under 5 years aims to provide children with a safe and happy environment so that they are able to grow and develop individually and encourage confidence, social interaction, intellectual progression, emotional wellbeing and physical control. The cost of this is met by the parents.
Task 1 Links to learning outcome 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6, assessment criteria 1.1, 1.2, 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 4.1, 4.2, 5.1, 5.2, 6.1, 6.2 and 6.3. • Identify the main types of state and independent schools • Describe the characteristics of the different types of schools in relation to educational stage(s) and school governance • Describe roles and responsibilities of: - School governors - Senior management team - Other statutory roles e.g. SENCO - Teachers • Describe the roles of external professionals who may work with a school e.g. educational psychologist • Define the meaning of: - Aims - Values • Describe with examples how schools may demonstrate and uphold their aims • Describe with examples how schools may demonstrate and uphold their values • Identify the laws and codes of practice affecting work in schools • Describe why school have policies and procedures • Identify the policies and procedures school may have relating to: - Staff - Pupil welfare - Teaching and learning • Identify the roles and responsibilities of national and local government for education policy and practice • Describe the role of schools in national policies relating to children, young people and families • Describe the roles of other organisations working with children and young people and how these may impact on the work in schools. Identify the main types of state and independent schools Links to learning outcome 1, assessment criteria 1.1 AND Describe the characteristics of the different types of schools in relation to educational stage(s) and school governance Links to learning outcome 1, assessment criteria