Taylor Essay

1201 WordsOct 16, 20125 Pages
TAYLORISM AND SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT Principles of Taylorism Named after its creator, Frederick Taylor, Taylorism is the complete rationalization of all processes involved in the production of a product. The discipline is also referred to as scientific management, since it attempted to make a science out of the management of production processes by defining the "one best way" to do a job. Though the theory evolved through time, there were only a few simple principles in achieving scientific management: shift the responsibility of work organization to management, use scientific methods to establish the one best way to do the work, scientifically select and train workers, and monitor workers to ensure that they are doing their jobs properly and efficiently. The net result was that scientific management required laborers to match the speed of the machinery they used. Scientific management had both good and bad results. The positive side was that production rose by as much as 200 percent, which allowed for more profits and established the United States as a nation with efficient production. Publication and Spread of the Theory The theory behind scientific management was first publicly introduced by Taylor in a presentation titled "Shop Management" in 1903 before the American Academy of Mechanical Engineers. The theory essentially exalted production as a moral act that should not waste products or time and engineers as being responsible for the moral good of efficient designs. Scientific management was refined during the next several years, culminating in a landmark work in Taylor's The Principles of Scientific Management (1911). Advocates of scientific management such as Frank and Lillian Gilbreth and Henry Gantt expanded the concept in later years through the Taylor Society. Taylorism caught on during a time when America was fascinated by the technological advances

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