The negative definition says that if someone is not ill, have a disease, or is sick, then they are healthy (www.wisegeek.com). Other models put emphasis on the positive, or functional, definition of health, i.e. the social model. The positive definition says that to be healthy is to enjoy a state of well being and it’s more than being ill (www.wisegeek.com). The biomedical model focuses purely on the biological factors and processes, and the physical processes of the body.
(Davey et al, 1984) The dictionary defines the word health as: "the condition of the body and the degree to which it is free from illness, or the state of being well" (www.cambridge.org.uk accessed 28/1/07) Good health is a mixture of physical, mental, emotional and social wellbeing. Health and illness can be defined in many different ways, the holistic concept of health would be viewed as being healthy and having no physical disorders or diseases, and also being emotionaly comfortable. A person who maybe feels anxious or suffers from low self esteem would, according to this theory not be well. People with this view tend to label themselves ill when they suffer from what may be classed as minor symptons such as tiredness, not just phsyical discomfort or pain. (Smithson,2005) A positive concept towards health and illness could be defined as believing that being healthy is a state which is achieved through continual effort.
This also includes the concept of the Safe Surrogate Release which is an enjoyable physical activity to release stress in a healthy way. In the end I state what I have learned from this book. A Book for the Seriously Stressed: How to Stop Stress from Killing You Having stress in life is healthy, but when it becomes too much that’s when we have to know how to handle it in a healthy way or it will lead us on a path to destruction. Stress is a normal part of life. We just need to understand it and know the physical symptoms and the defense mechanism to use against it if things went bad.
However, the definition from World Health Organiastion is that ‘health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity’. (WHO, 1946, quoted in K101, Unit 9, p.12), taking account of the whole person. Well being is a term that encompasses the physical state of comfort but also takes account of proper provision of both social and economic commodities. A model proposed by Labonte suggests that three elements need to be in place to experience health and well being: physical capability, mental health and a social connection to family and others in the community (K101, Unit 9, p.13). In this respect I will use the terms health and well being together, using a broad perspective not simply the physical
They tend to treat the whole person and not just their condition, this gives the patient a relief from other possible problems they have and reduces the chance of their condition coming back. Patients experience one to one treatment, which is beneficial for them as the practitioners time is invested into just them and they will experience a better treatment. The increase the overall health and well-being of the patient, this is an advantage for the patient in their present and
Positive mental health includes the ability to understand and make sense of our surroundings, to be able to cope with change and to communicate effectively with other people. Mental health is therefore an essential component of our general health (Lester & Glasby 2010). It is however more difficult to define what is meant by mental illness. This is
Theories of health belief aim to explain and to predict why individuals may or may not adopt healthy behaviours. The three theories that come under theories of health belief are; the health belief model, locus of control and self-efficacy. Even though each theory is trying to explain the same thing they approach the subject differently. Self-efficacy takes a more holistic approach where it includes factors such as past experiences. Whereas the locus of control is very reductionist and only accounts for one factor.
Health can mean different things to different people. The World Health Organisation (WHO.,1948) defined health as ‘a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity’. It can be viewed positively, as the ability to do something or a positive state of well-being, or negatively, focusing on the absence of illness or disease (Wills, J., 2007). The WHO definition takes into account the whole person and does not just focus on their physical health. It focuses on the person holistically and acknowledges that one can be healthy even with a disease or physical impairment and conversely, one is not healthy just because there is no diagnosable pathology (Wills, J., 2007).
According to the definition presented above by the World Health Organization (WHO), one could be inclined to believe that no individual can truly be in good health without being mentally and physically healthy. The WHO defines mental health as “a state of well-being in which every individual realizes his or her own potential, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to her or his community”. Individuals that are not viewed as being able to meet these criteria must then be considered to be afflicted with the some form of mental
Introduction to health promotion Health is needed to be promoted in order to promote well being and to prevent diseases in the population. There are also some implications when it comes to promoting well being and to prevent diseases. When the health is promoted and prevented it improves the quality of life and also reduces cost of health services. When it comes to preventative work it can vary depending on the needs of the client/ group.The prevention is categorised in three types. They are: Primary prevention It includes the health promotion and requires action on the determinants on the health to prevent disease occurring or refocusing upstream to stop people falling into the water of disease.