Financial Analysis Task 2 Competition Bikes, Inc. (CBI) has identified and produced a ProForma for year 9 of the company. There are a number of areas of concern when reviewing this document that need additional review and evaluation prior to budget becoming finalized. In the Sales Budget, CBI identified that they were going to increase units of sales to 3,510 and this is an increase over year 8 of 87 units. Year 8 experienced a 15% decline over budget due to the economic situation yet sales trends are expected to remain consistent and the company is planning to recover from the decline in the next 3 years. A number of areas could be the reason for the decrease in sales in year 8 including the economy which could have led to outside sponsorships being decreased.
But there are still a possibility that problems can rise which could have a massive effect on the business if they are left alone. But as said above as the budget can be monitored on a monthly basis it allows the business to change how the business performances to give them a chance to save the business before it goes bankrupt. But by setting a budget and monitoring the budget it gives the business an idea of what the expected to earn and buy each month at at the end of the year as a whole. Also as said above by monitoring the budget it gives the business an idea of where the business is in relation to the forecasted
Owners put in their money to make a profit this is why it is important for them to track the sum of money they may have made in an accounting period. Usually a supervisor’s standing is related with the success of the company. When a business is making money the amount of money a manager makes will usually increase and they may also get a promotion. Income statements are also used to check the revenues and expenses of the company which allows managers to reduce their unnecessary expenses to make more profit. These income statements are also useful for outside users such as investors, creditors and the government.
If a business is operating correctly then it should generate cash surplus. The faster this company expands the more cash it will need for working capital. There are two elements in the business cycle that absorb cash. Receivables and inventory. One specific method of increasing working capital is related to improving internal controls such as optimizing the systems used for maintaining accounts receivables.
This week we learned that companies are required to prepare a statement of cash flows because it gives a more accurate snapshot of the actual cash flow of a company. Financial statements give an overall picture of how much revenue a company is reporting, but high revenue does not guarantee that the company has the ability to pay its bills. The statement of cash flows is a tool designed to help external users make sound economic decisions about the company. The statement of cash flows is divided into three sections: 1) operating activities, 2) investing activities, and financing activities. The operating activities section analyzes the company's flow of cash as it relates to a net loss or net income.
A cash flow statement will show not only the cash that is left at the end of the day, but also the amount that entered and left the business. This allows the company to see whether the cash in the business is increasing or decreasing. It is important to know this before the cash in the business gets too low. The business might have many active jobs but lagging receivables can be a problem when it comes to covering unexpected expenses. A cash flow forecast is also prepared which gives an estimate of the amount of cash the company expects to flow in and out and also includes all the projected income and expenses.
Improving Working Capital There are several ways a company can improve its working capital. A major way to improve Competition Bikes’ working capital is to increase its finished goods inventory. For example, the company is currently showing zero finished goods on the balance sheet for all three years. By finishing product, the current assets would be increased, and therefore the working capital would be increased. Another way to improve the company’s working capital is by reducing costly expenses.
This suggest that for every $1 that the company earns in Sales, they paid 23.1 cents for their employee. The fact that Country Road has decreased the percentage means that they became more efficient in paying their employee over the years. (c) Judging from the Vertical Analysis, Country Road might have been opening new stores , thus increasing Occupancy Expense. By doing this they have to save more money, cutting cost which led to decrease in Employment Expense, cutting their employee’s wages. ??
Minimum wage increases an individual annual salary, bumping the employee into a higher marginal tax bracket. But positive effects from minimum wage increases are usually erased through higher marginal tax rates. Employees may also face a reduction in working hours. Businesses attempting to lower operating costs often reduce employee hours to save on payroll expenses.