Tartuffe and the Monkey

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Karin Lu ENG 2850- Great Works of Literature II Due Date: 02/26/12 Moliere’s “Tartuffe” and Wu Cheng’en’s “The Journey to the West”, the authors give the readers a surprise ending which changes the readers’ comprehension of the actions that precedes them. In Moliere’s ending of “Tartuffe”, Orgon is suddenly pardoned by the King after he is faced with accusations of betrayal by Tartuffe. In “The Journey to the West”, Tripitaka and his disciples all are granted higher positions because of their dedication to the journey and their own paths to enlightenment. Both Moliere’s and Wu Cheng’en’s use their literary texts to depict a larger truth; ones of good versus evil, truth, and justice. However, there are some distinctions to the stories’ overall messages that are conveyed to the readers at the end. The theme of truth and justice is essential in the endings of both works of literature. In Molière’s “Tartuffe”, the central character, Orgon is both blinded and deceived by Tartuffe into giving away Orgon’s deed and secret box. This devious act would ultimately put his character in horrible and disastrous situation. He would end up losing all his belongings while destroying his once real and open relationship with the King. Orgon blindly believes Tartuffe until the very end. Orgon’s wife, Elmire, is able to get Tartuffe to reveal his true intentions as he attempts to seduce Elmire into committing adultery. Tartuffe’s character is revealed and it’s nothing short of ugly. Orgon is able to finally see Tartuffe’s lies and hypocrisy, but it is too late as Tartuffe has accused Orgon of wrongdoings to the King. Yet in the end, justice prevails as the King decides to punish Tartuffe instead of Orgon. It is as the King says, “he sees into our inmost hearts/And can't be fooled by any trickster's arts.” The King recognizes that Tartuffe is a liar and schemer
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