The only worry now is if the "supreme one" agrees with this request for he is the emperor and the one that makes the final decision (Sima Qian: The First Emperor). This ideas was shut down by the superintendent of Li Si, who thought that providing the terriotories with a feudal system would only cause more chaos like the one cause by rebellion when King Wu and King Wen had been placed. Li Si belived that as long as the officials were well rewarded for their work they will keep the city under control and it would be sufficient. This was agreed also by the First Emperor, King Zheng, who stated " It is because of the existance of marquises and the kings that all under heaven has shared in suffering from unceasing hostilities." meaning he too agrees with the superintendent, that past chaos and suffering has been cause by the adding of kingship and feudalism (Sima Qian: The First Emperor).
The areas to investigate include political, economic, social and military reforms from the Russian government in order to see if they are ‘reluctant reformers’ or not. Socially, Alexander II introduced arguably the most radical reform in 1861 by emancipating the serfs and granting peasants freedom. This is by far the reform that affected the population most widely in the period – by granting this, peasants were allowed to own themselves in body and soul and could dictate their own lives as far as they could. Class bias was reduced and education was given more widely across Russia, regardless of social standing. This certainly fights against the view that Alexander II was reluctant in his reforms on the surface – however, once investigated, the limits of emancipation are clear.
“Many children live on the wrong side of the tracks in places where education is not valued, where drugs, gangs and violence abound. And where schools are low-performing, they often lack community and health support” (http://www.huffingtonpost.com/franklin-schargel/the-real-reasons-children-drop-out-of-school). Children from low income household usually have a negative outlook on their lives due to having social services interfere in their lives and not being able to spend time with the parents because of the long hours worked. “There is often a clash between the family values and those of the school.
This was mainly due to the economic pressure caused by land distribution between social classes. The large landowners were gaining even more power and influence in government, while the peasants were being more and more burdened by labor and money. The desperate peasants rebelled, such as in the Yellow Turban rebellion in 184 C.E. Although the Later Han dynasty possessed the military power required to keep civil disorder under reasonable control, rebellions by the Yellow Turbans and others weakened the Han state during the 2nd and 3rd centuries C.E. Furthermore, the Later Han emperors were unable to prevent the development of factions at court that paralyzed the central government.
Henry was exposed to the pull of the factions but a new aristocratic approach to the government strengthened the conservative faction however with the arrest of Duke of Norfolk (1547) and the dismissal of Gardiner from the Privy Chamber the reformists gained the much needed advantage . This shows that there was a threat to the stability of the government as Henrys most trusted councillors seemed to become more radically involved in the faction rivalry during the last 8 years of Henrys reign. This may have added pressure on Henry and his deteriorating health thus he may have not been able
How far was Henry VI to blame for the conflict of 1455? The causation of the first battle of St. Albans is a complex and intricate issue, involving many factors. The king’s weaknesses and incompetence made him an innately unsuitable ruler for the times, and his failures to accumulate the majority of the attributes expected of a king, such as control of the nobles and successful military pursuits, may have contributed substantially to the battle in 1455. However, this can be disputed; given the financial state of the country, it is hardly surprising that Henry was unable to keep a firm control over the avaricious nobles, whilst also lacking a standing army. Additionally, the underlying problem of who had a greater claim to the crown, instigated when Henry IV usurped the throne from Richard II, was still a concern, and inevitably this was bound to result in a bloody battle in order to settle the disagreement.
Explain why in the years 1906 to 1911, Stolypin attempted to reform agriculture. (12 marks) Stolypin attempted to reform agriculture for many reasons, one of the most important being to strengthen tsarist autocracy. He strongly believed that the future of Russia depended on building a prosperous peasantry. There was widespread rural poverty but an upper class of peasant that farmed efficiently and were wealthier, they were known as the Kulaks. Stolypin believed that the encouragement of a class such as the Kulaks would make them hostile to further change therefore more conservative and loyal to the Tsar as the Tsar had made them wealthy.
Explain why Alexander II introduced further reforms after the emancipation edict of 1861 Emancipation opened many opportunities for further reforms and forced a change in the structure of the Russian society. Serfdom was abolished and the nobility could no longer control them which led to light being shed on other problems in society such as the law, industry and also the military. The most important reason for the introduction of further reforms is that they were a reasonable response to the emancipation of the serfs, but only in short term. The emancipation act gave the serfs power to control their own lives instead of being dictated by people of a higher status, such as the nobility. For this, rural councils known as the Zemstvas were set up in 1864 which offered the serfs a representative government; but they were mostly dominated by the nobility and professionals and many of them resented their loss of power over the serfs.
This lack of leadership at the highest level would inevitably cause disturbances to many facets of society; quarrels between nobility were not regulated or controlled, ownership of lands (abroad as well as England) was not properly accounted for. Henry had already laid the seeds for violence to grow; and in doing so he had made the very foundation of the monarchy unstable. In 1450 Cades rebellion had just ended, the first demonstration of mass public opinion channelled through violence for many a year. These events had not only empowered the common people, but had also given them belief in the fact they could influence the running of their country. The common people were not to be underestimated, their political awareness had grown substantially and they had formulated clear and concise thoughts.
Also, the Serfs had been “freed” so to speak, the majority of peasants did not have complete freedom of movement so this limited the migration of workers into towns and cities to support the workforce needed for new manufacturing industries. Additionally, the economy simply didn’t have sufficient funds to invest in the development and couldn’t