Talking to Young Children and the Elderly

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A summary of the essay “Talking to young children and the elderly” written by: Jean Stilwell Peccei Language differs when it comes to age. Children have their own way of speech, and the pronunciation of words can be different compare to the adult versions. Children are not experienced language users, but they have the capacity and the ability for understanding and analyzing complex sentences vary quickly. Unlike children, the older generation is more experienced in using the language in proper ways, but at the same time there is a decline among old age people when it comes to processing time for analyzing and understanding complex sentences. It takes them longer time then the children to analyse a complex sentence. In some cultures, Child Directed Language is used in speech to young children, and there is a similarity between Child Directed Language and the way or the speech style which is often used with the elderly. Parents use Child Directed Language as a language-teaching tool. The reason for using it is to ensure understanding in someone who they think are not fully capable of using the language. Another reason for using of this language-teaching toll is that it maintains the power of the caregiver in relation to the child. In 1999, Atkinson and Coupland have suggested that using Child Directed Language with the elderly who suffers from memory loss or others, who have difficulties with the language because of their age, can show not only a cultural equation between elderly and children, but it also bring them back to the frontline of attention. However, the reaction of elderly people who were involving in the studies showed that some found it demeaning, and a negative way of caregiver. Others who were suffering from short-term memory loss or other kinds of health problems which decline their ability of language using, found it encouraging and

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