Indifference as Punishment In order to prevent future atrocities Wiesel gets his audience to see indifference not only as a sin but also as a punishment by enabling the audience to recognize indifference and its perils through depression that transforms into guilt and changes into hope. Indifference is what Elie Wiesel states as one of the greatest misfortunes and setbacks of modern society. He illustrates that indifference is dangerous by emphasizing the impact of societal consequence. He conveys this message initially through pathos by forcing the audience into a state of depression. Postulating that indifference is a dangerous road, he wants the reader to understand that indifference can have unintended consequences that will eventually lead to atrocities.
Social policies aimed at reducing prejudice and intergroup conflict would do well to take account of social psychological research in this area.’ Discuss this statement, making reference to relevant research in your answer. The thesaurus dictionary defines prejudice as an adverse judgment or opinion formed beforehand or without knowledge or examination of the facts. The definition is expanded further by saying that prejudice is an irrational suspicion or hatred of a particular group, race, or religion. Prejudice can also be described as a negative prejudgement of a group and its individual members. Dixon (cited in Hollway, 2007) points out that psychological research treated prejudice as the outcrop of abnormal psychological development.
When conducting social research it is important for sociologists to consider the range of ethical factors that they might face, as failure to do so may affect the participants or even the overall outcome of the sociological data. From the informed consent of participants to covert research, it is essential to examine the most important ethical issues as they play an important part in the construction of research data. An ethical problem that could be encountered by sociologists when conducting research is the issue of informed consent. Informed consent is given when the participants of the study agree to the terms and conditions of the true aim of the study. However, some results may be invalidated by the participants knowing either the true aim of the study or the fact that they are being studied at all.
Psychophysiology notes that “Self-serving attributions occur when negative personal outcomes are ascribed to external circumstances and when positive outcomes are ascribed to internal factors. Individuals strategically employ the self-serving bias to maintain and protect positive self-views. “(Page 511) Stereo Typing Brown, Rupert (2010). Prejudice: Its Social Psychology (2nd ed.). Stereotypes lead people to expect certain actions from members of social groups.
I will be explaining these theories further in my essay and scrutinizing these theories and presenting its criticisms. Finally I will conclude with my opinion about crime and its causes. First of all, right realism is based on a negative perception regarding human nature. According to right realists, human beings are naturally selfish and greedy. Thus they argue that one of the causes of crime is merely one’s rational choice.
These models provide an important and informative framework for understanding how different individuals approach integration. Enemies are those who believe that integration is not possible. This is an antagonistic model that sees these two disciplines as an either/or position. The Spies model is also antagonistic, yet has the goal of appropriating whatever might be useful from psychology and theology that would help people. Spies come from both sides with similar goals for the information they spy out.
The ethical issue presented in this scenario is what punishment the probation officer should decide to recommend to the judge. 2. What are the most important facts? Which facts have the most bearing on the ethical decision presented? Include any important potential economic, social, or political pressures, and exclude inconsequential facts.
Situation ethics is a branch of relativism which argues that there are no moral absolutes, so therefore saying that love is the only moral rule is self-contradictory. • It can be difficult to implement in both a personal sense and in society as a whole. No one can fully understand and take into account every single consequence of an action regardless of how intelligent they may be. Therefore no one can be sure that his or her action will cause no pain, and will be beneficial to everyone involved. • Situation ethics can even be a way to approve of what are considered in society as ‘evil’ acts.
51. I understand that many researchers think the use of deception in research is necessary because human subjects are sensitive to how others perceive them and how they perceive themselves to be. These researchers believe that this self- consciousness will lead to inaccurate research results. I, however, do not think that researchers should ever use deception when conducting research with humans simply because it is unethical. When intentionally deceiving any participant, you risk harming them because the integrity of the informed consent process is jeopardized.
Bedau looks at three theories of capital punishment from the utilitarians, Immanuel Kant, and John Locke. Bedau finds that Kant believes in the idea of an eye for an eye. Kant says that if a person treats another person badly that they themselves also want to be treated badly. So if we in turn treat this person badly, that is the way they want to be treated. There is a bit of the “do onto others” saying that applies with Kant’s reasoning and would be considered retributive.