In the polar climates (group E) includes: tundra and icecap climates. The warmest month in the tundra is 32 °F. Lastly speaking, the alpine climate, in other words excessively cold (group E) is very often −40 °F or below. An example of a dry climate destination is Yuma,
A temperate forest experience all four season although climate is moderate in comparison to tundra and taiga forests. Temperatures of these temperate forests are normally in between -22°Fahrenheit and 86°Fahrenheit, with a yearly average of about 50°Fahrenheit. The summers are hot and wet and the winters are freezing due to the location of these forests. Due to the higher latitudes the occurrences of freezing temperatures are common, which requires life of plants and animals to develop adaptive characteristics. The forest is filled with wild habitat such as reptiles, animals, insects and trees.
sEdit Tropical Rainforest Intro: An average of 50 to 260 inches (125 to 660 cm.) of rain falls yearly. The temperature in a rain forest rarely gets higher than 93 °F (34 °C) or drops below 68 °F (20 °C); average humidity is between 77 and 88%; rainfall is often more than 100 inches a year. There is usually a brief season of less rain. The tropical rain forest is a forest of tall trees in a region of year-round warmth.
The precipitation can fall in the form of rain or snow, with snow becoming more likely at higher elevations. The average annual temperature is above 0� C, largely influenced by the nearby ocean. The warmest of the temperate rainforests may have average annual temperatures around 20� C. Plants- Indian Paintbrush – Castilleja, Bigleaf Maple - Acer macrophyllum Animals- Banana Slug, Ariolimax columbianus, Clark's nutcracker Nucifraga columbiana, Blue grouse - Dendragapus obscurus timber cutting is the number one threat to these forests, The silt, and the nutrients and pollutants it carries, are a threat to near shore marine organisms as well as freshwater organisms in the river itself, and the area the silt is coming from Temperate Deciduous Forest Location – North America, western Europe, China, Japan, Korea Australia The latitude range is anywhere from 23 ° north to 38 ° south. Most deciduous forests have mild summers averaging about 70 °F. Winter temperatures are fairly cool with an average temperature of a little below freezing.
Due to the fact it is near the continental equatorial, the climate is hot and humid with an average rainfall of 2000mm over most of the reserve, and falls to 1700m in the south, with a slightly drier season from June to August. The rains are mostly downpours, and on only about 30 days in the year is precipitation less than 20mm. Because of the heavy rainfall, the area is known for seasonal flooding. The average relative humidity is about 86%, regularly reaching its highest at night, but maintaining an average of 77% during the day. Average daily temperatures are on average 86°F, and at night they drop to an average of 68°F, with an annual average temperature is 76.5°F.
Winter Climates Winter on Antarctica is between March and August. In the interior regions there are extremely low temperatures. Several months are in complete darkness. Fierce snowstorms make life almost impossible in winter. Winter temperatures are also influenced by latitude, elevation and by the shortage of sunlight during the cold times.
The landscape is very mountainous and quite bare however it does have a lot of snow at the peaks and high altitudes. It is also very steep and hilly. - what plants can be found there? The largest herb in the world is a Puya Raimondii, also known as the Queen of the Andes. It can live up to a whopping high altitude of -3200*C which is 4800m high.
The Earth’s average temperature has risen 0.6°C, while areas in the Arctic have risen up to 3.0°C in the last 20th century (Gardiner, 2008). Increasing temperatures have already caused changes in the Arctic such as; sea ice covering the Arctic has decreased in area and thickness due to melting of ice and snow, the warming of permafrost, snow cover area has also decreased, and ice on the rivers will freeze later during fall and break up earlier in spring. But why are these Polar Regions more vulnerable to climate change? This is due to the light colour of snow and ice and high albedo, which reflects the solar energy back into space. Due to the increase in greenhouse gases less solar energy is reflected back into space and more solar radiation is absorbed by the Earth causing the increase in ice and snow melting (Main & Ahlenius, 2011).
Trees grow up to 40m high, break through the low cloud layer and gain the sunlight. The leaves have tips that curve downwards so the rain drips off. The undergrowth will spring up wherever light reaches the forest floor and fallen leaves and plant matter rot swiftly to provide the nutrients that the rest of the plants require. The region is home to about 2.5 million insect species, tens of thousands of plants, and some 2,000 birds and mammals. One in five of all the birds in the world live in the rainforests of the Amazon.
Sever storms occur frequently in tropical rainforest area. In Australia, different areas are affected by storms at different times. For example, in northern Australia severe storms are uncommon during the dry winters. Sever storms relating to winter cold fronts are common in south-western Australia and south-eastern Australia. Most severe storms occur from September to March.