Community Health & Population-Focused Nursing Task 1 Chandrakala Medrano-000201458 June 13, 2015 Western Governors University A. Los Angeles County which occupies an area of approximately 4 million square miles is the most populous county of the United States with a population of 10,053,995 people, according to the United States Census Bureau Estimates (2013). The population increase from the 2010 census to the 2013 estimate is 2%. A breakdown of the population according to age is as follows: 23.2% are under 18 years old, with 6.4% being under 5 years old, 61.8% between the age of 18 and 65 years old and 11.9% are over the age of 65. Females make up 50.7 % of the population in 2013.
“Today more than 1.1 million Americans are living with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, and one fifth of Americans do not know they are infected with the virus” (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2010, para. 2). “ The current prevalence per 100,000 population as of December 31, 2010 are 144.2 per 100,000 residents in Ohio, 333.4 per 100,000 residents in Cuyahoga County, and 763.1 per 100,000 residents in Cleveland” (Cleveland Department of Public Health, 2011, p. 1). The prevalence rates of the City of Cleveland are twice the level of Cuyahoga County and 5.3 times greater than Ohio prevalence. In Cleveland, the prevalence levels for Black/African America non-Hispanic residents are 824.8 per 100,000 population, about twice that for White non-Hispanic with HIV/AIDS at 438.3 per 100,000 population (Cleveland Department of Public Health, 2011).
With a degree from these types of colleges a graduate usually will make their way into upper echelon of the United States workforce. However, Asian Americans only hold less than two percent of top corporate jobs. The average income of an Asian American in the year of 2009 was approximately $68,780, which is the highest among all race groups. However, the poverty rate of Asians in 2009 was up to 12.5 percent from 10.6 percent in 2007. Researchers, supported by Deloitte, Goldman Sachs, Pfizer and Time Warner, conducted 2,952 surveys of working-aged men and women and gathered qualitative and quantitative data to conclude that many Asian-Americans, whether immigrant or native born, find it hard to "fit in" the upper management ranks.
“In 1900, nine out of 10 minorities were African American. In 1998, Blacks made up less than one-half of all minorities, and their share is declining. Hispanics, with a 1998 population of 30 million, are the second largest minority, accounting for 40 percent of U.S. minorities,” according to the Population Reference Bureau, (PRB, September 1999). “The U.S. Census Bureau projects that Hispanics will outnumber non-Hispanic Blacks by 2005,” (PRB, September 1999). “Asians accounted for 13 percent of minorities in 1998, while American Indians, Eskimos, and Aleuts made up 3
It this paper the subject to be analyzed is the racial disparity in correctional populations and the reasons why it happens. Statistics At the end of 2005, there were 1,525,924 persons incarcerated in state and federal prisons; 40% of these inmates were black, 35% were white, and 20% were Hispanic (Garland, Spohn, & Wodahl p. 4). The national incarceration rate for Whites is 412 per 100,000 residents, compared to 2,290 for African Americans, and 742 for Hispanics (Mauer & King, July, p. 4). The typical inmate in the United States prison systems consist of Black males between 25 and 29 making up two filths of the prison populations in 2005 whereas, Hispanic males make up 2.6% and White males consist of only 1.1% (Garland, Spohn, & Wodahl, Fall). The average Black male born today has a one in three chance that he will be incarcerated in his lifetime and Black women are also, have a higher chance than White women (Mauer & King, July, p. 1).
Atlanta is the largest community in Georgia with a population of 420,003. Atlanta is an ethnically diverse city and it has mix of workforce of both white and blue collar workers. The number of occurrences in the Atlanta GA area that was reported to the local police for 2009 was 2,725. The city of Baltimore is a large coastal city in the state of Maryland. Baltimore is known as the largest community in Maryland with a population of 620,961.
In 2010, the total U.S. Hispanic population was 16 percent of the total U.S. population. By the year 2050 that number is expected to rise to 30.2 percent of the total U.S. population (U.S. Census Bureau, 2008). Even though the U.S. population continues to grow in diversity; nurses remained a homogenous group. According to Maier-Lorentz (2008), “Approximately 90% of all Registered Nurses are Caucasian. Although Hispanics have become the majority minority in the U.S., it is estimated that there are only 2 % Hispanic Registered Nurses in the nursing profession (Minority Nursing Statistics, 2005)” (p.37).
Community Corpus Christi is a coastal city in the South Texas region of the U.S. part of Nueces County. According to the U.S. Census bureau, there are 442,600 inhabitants living here. The majority of the residence living in Corpus Christi is a white population (80.9%). Hispanics are the second largest group living here at 54.3%, which is much higher number compared to the rest of Texas. The majority of the population is employed in services, wholesale and retail trade, and government sector.
Research shows that teenage mothers may come from violent homes, single parent homes, have poor self-esteem, a history of depression, and a history of drug or alcohol abuse (Quinlivan, Tan, Steele & Black, 2004). The average teen mother is 17.5 years old. UNITED STATES birth rates are higher than any other country. $9 billion are spent annually on teen pregnancy. Florida alone had 354,000 teen births between 1991 and 2004, costing taxpayers $8.1 billion.
A count in January, 2007, found 745 homeless people in Lucas County, with 200 of those classified as "chronically" homeless, according to HUD data. Figures from January of this year were not immediately available. Nationally, nearly 1.6 million people were homeless and found shelter