Cause of the outbreak was a decreased vaccination rate. In 1989 the US went to two vaccines schedule. 2-5% of Children fail to respond to the first dose. The 2 dose schedule increases it to about a 99% efficacy. (CDC;2012) Route of transmission- Measles is only spread by humans it is a highly contagious airborne viral disease spread through the respiratory route.
Community Health and Population-Focused Nursing (C228) – Task #2 TUBERCULOSIS Stephanie Sanderson Western Governors University Mentor: Mikki Naught October 12, 2014 Tuberculosis Tuberculosis (or, “TB”) has existed throughout history. Mycobacterium tuberculosis (or, M. tuberculosis) is the causative bacterium in most cases of TB. M. tuberculosis was first described by Robert Koch in March of 1882. Presently, it is one of the world’s deadliest diseases (www.cdc.gov). In 2013, more than 9500 cases of TB were reported in the United States alone; during the previous year, there were about 1.3 million TB-related deaths, worldwide.
Community Health & Population C228 Western Governors University VWT Task 2 The Ohio measles outbreak of April 2014 accounted for more than half of the reported cases that year. In Ohio Amish country of Knox county, three hundred eighty three people became ill after unvaccinated Amish missionaries traveled to the Philippines, only to return infected with the measles virus (Newsmax, 2015). It was on an April afternoon when the Knox County health department received a call from an Amish woman reporting that her family and her neighbor’s family both had measles. The health department immediately began to test the families by collecting samples, nasal swabs, and draw blood (Tribble, 2014). Once the measles virus had been confirmed it was reported to the CDC of the outbreak.
C228 Task 2 Western Governors University Identification and description of the Communicable Disease Outbreak Tubercle Bacillus or otherwise known as Mycobacterium Tuberculosis is believed to have been in existence for 15 to 20 thousand years and since record keeping began, has caused the death of humans for at least 5,000 years. TB found its way to the Americas very early and was known to be present there around 100 AD. In its early years on this earth it was called the “consumption” or ‘phthisis” by the ancient Greeks (“Why Tuberculosis was called “Consumptionn”, “ n.d.). It was known by this name because of its wasting or consuming of the person it had infected. The patient would continue to lose weight and almost waste away to nothing until they died.
In the late 1940s to the early 1950s, in the United States alone, polio crippled around 35,000 people each year making it one of the most feared diseases of the twentieth century. By 1979 the country had become polio free. There were 1,195 cases reported in 2006. Polio incidences has dropped more than 99.9 percent since the launch of global polio eradication efforts in 1988. According to global polio surveillance data from October 23, 2013, 301 polio cases have been reported from the following countries: Afghanistan, Cameroon, Nigeria, Pakistan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, and South Sudan.
Using SwabCap® to Reduce the Number of Central Line Associated Blood Stream Infections (CLABSIs) Dawn E Bennett Joliet Junior College Nursing 260 Using SwabCap® to Reduce the Number of Central Line Associated Blood Stream Infections (CLABSIs) According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), every year health care associated infections (HAIs) affect 5% of hospitalized patients in the United States. CLABSIs are a deadly HAI, with a mortality rate of 12%-25%. In 2009, the number of CLABSIs in an Intensive care unit (ICU) setting was estimated at 18,000, and for patients in an inpatient ward was an estimated 23,000. Patients receiving hemodialysis as an outpatient in 2008 had an higher rate of CLABSIs, with an estimated
Today, this term raises fears and panic among the masses. A. WNV was first found in 1937 in an adult woman living in the West Nile district of Uganda. Today the virus is most found in Africa, Eastern Europe, the Middle East, and West Asia. (Marguiles, Phillip 30-35) B. In 1999 the virus appeared in North America for the first time and in the next year spread to 12 states killing 8 people and sickening 80 others.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention from November 2002 to July 2003 there were 8,098 reported cases of SARS from 29 countries. (CDC) There was only evidence of 8 cases reported in the United States. ● Epidemiology Indicators and Analysis Adults make up the majority of cases of SARS, there has been rare incidence of children infected by SARS. The average incubation period is 5 days but can range from 2-10 days. (WHO) The disease is passed when the infected person becomes symptomatic.
Secondhand smoke is especially harmful to young children. Secondhand smoke is responsible for between 150,000 and 300,000 lower respiratory tract infections in infants and children under 18 months of age, resulting in between 7,500 and 15,000 hospitalizations each year, and causes 430 sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) deaths in the United States annually. (California Environmental Protection Agency, 2005) The Smokeless…Campaign will focus primarily on decreasing exposure of second hand smoke to tribal members especially children. The information collected from surveys has identified the need for decreasing second hand smoke exposure. The number of children and adults seeking medical attention for health conditions related to exposure to second hand smoke is rising.
Infection rates are high in children peaking at more than 80% in those aged 5 – 9 years and falling to low levels in adults (MOH, 2009). Malaria infection during pregnancy causes maternal anaemia and placental parasitemia both of which are responsible for miscarriages and low birth weight babies among pregnant women. 13.7% of all admissions of pregnant women in 2006 were as a