Systemic War Explainations Essay

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a. The systemic explanations of Interstate War; b. The Dyadic-Level Explanations of War, and c. Decision-Making –Level Explanations of War. To begin, the explanations for war are split into three major categories called Levels of Analysis. These consist of the systemic level or structural view of politics, the dyadic level or the characteristics of two states interacting, and the decision making level or the policy making process. All three of these tend to have a major influence on conflict. The systemic explanation of interstate war consists of three main parts: Anarchy, Distribution of Power, and Interdependence among states. Anarchy according to realism is the primary characteristic of the international system. This basically says there is no overarching authority so each state must appear strong in order to prevent a war since each state has no real laws to follow or at least no one to enforce said laws. Realists also point to the security dilemma, which states that when one state takes an aggressive action for purely defensive reasons it lowers other states security. They then must also take an aggressive action for purely defensive reasons. Due to this, wars are bound to break out because each state must assume the worst about the other states when any form of aggressive actions is taken. Next is the Distribution of power concept. This is the concept that power can be balanced and controlled by the states. This is referred to as a system. A multi polar system is a system that has roughly equal power balanced among many different states. A system is said to be Bi-Polar when power is distributed between two states such as during the cold war when power was balanced between the United States and the Soviet Union. The bareing this has on war should be fairly obvious. States will go to war in order to maintain the distribution of power because

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