Synthetic Biology Essay

1190 WordsMar 16, 20135 Pages
Impact of Synthetic Biology Synthetic biology is the design and construction of new biological entities, such as enzymes, genetic circuits and cells. It is a multidisciplinary field that promises many benefits, while at the same time raising important social and ethical issues. Synthetic biology aims at creating novel organisms for practical purposes. This paper will argue the ethical issues in creation of artificial life. Creating life from scratch and intervening the natural human genome system poses a lot of risk and moral issues. It will discuss the implications of human experimentation, consequences of altering human genome to increase life expectancy and the dangers of releasing genetically modified organisms or humans to the environment. “According to Dr. Maynard V. Olson, Professor of Medicine and Genome Sciences and Director of the University of Washington Genome Centre, and speaker of 26th Annual Faculty Lecture; The Human Genome Project (2011), with the acceleration of science and technology are we prepared to have designer humans as we already have designer mice. How much human experimentation we as a society are going to tolerate? There has been aggressive experimentation on immense number of animals to optimize the procedure.” It is obvious that in order to clone humans or make designer humans there will be tremendous experiments on humans in order to make the best replica. It is unethical and morally wrong to allow such experiments on the human race. Dr. Olson gives an example of the sperm sorting procedure practiced in Northern Virginia where they can select the gender of the baby. He states that this procedure is “potential for uncontrolled and many decades of undetected genetic defects in children. Far better off if you left it to nature for distribution”. Furthermore, synthetic biology and bioengineering can someday allow humans to prolonged

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