Firstly, whether a family live in a symmetrical family or not will have an effect on the divisions of labour. March of Progress theorists (Liberal Feminists) such as Young and Willmott argue that family life is gradually improving for all its members, becoming more equal and democratic. For example, women now go out to work, just as men now help with housework and childcare. However Radical Feminists reject the ‘March of Progress’ theory, and argue that women remain unequal within the family. Anne Oakley argues that we still live in a patriarchal (male dominated) society, and therefore women occupy a subordinate and dependant role within the family and wider society.
EXAMINE THE VIEW THAT DIVISION OF LABOUR BETWEEN COUPLES HAVE BEEN MORE OR LESS EQUAL. [24 MARKS] Domestic division of labour means the gender roles of men and women played in relation to housework, childcare and paid work. For example, men are expected to do more DIY work while women are expected to do the housework and take care of the child by providing emotional support to them. Some sociologists believe that families nowadays are moving towards equality and that the families are becoming symmetrical. A symmetrical family is a family where ale the chores are shared equally between couples.
Whereas the wife’s role was called expressive, this is when the wife is expected to look after the house and to raise the children emotionally and cook. However with increasing numbers of married women working in paid employment sociologists have looked more carefully at the division of labour and weather the increasing numbers of women working has caused the renegotiation of the traditional domestic roles. Whether a family live in a symmetrical family or not will have an effect on the divisions of labour. Theorists such as Young and Willmott argue that family life is gradually improving for all its members, becoming more equal and democratic. For example, women now go out to work and become wage earners, just as men now help with housework and childcare.
The domestic division of labour refers to the roles that men and women play in relation to housework, childcare and paid work; and in addition looks at the different powers both have within the household and the relationship. This essay will also focus on the factors which affect these divisions. Firstly, whether a family live in a symmetrical family or not will have an effect on the divisions of labour. March of Progress theorists such as Young and Willmott argue that family life is gradually improving for all its members, becoming more equal and democratic. For example, women now go out to work, just as men now help with housework and childcare.
Hope Edelman looks at the realities of marriage and imbalanced parenting roles in her article "The Myth of Co-Parenting." She writes about the common belief that couples have when going into a marriage: things will be perfect. Edelman uses her own marriage to reveal the unexpected difficulties that married couples experience when trying to share responsibilities of working and raising a family. She explains that even though many females feel liberated and inspired to be independent from their husbands, often times these women still end up doing most of the domestic work. Edelman shows how embedded gendered work is in our society, even among feminists.
In the home the couple ‘shared their work and shared their time’. Husbands were seen to be increasingly helping with domestic chores, child rearing and decision making about family life. Willmott and Young found that 72% of husbands helped with these household tasks. They argued that the change from segregated to joint conjugal roles results mainly from the withdrawal of the wife from her relationships with female kin, and the drawing of the husband into the family circle. This shows that conjugal roles between partners are becoming more equal.However,these sociologists have been criticized by Ann Oakley.
Brett Fortin Professor Clarkson ENGL 1100 October 7, 2013 The Roles of Men and Women in the Home Throughout history there have been many changes in the way men and women divide their roles in the home. In my research I have found that, the reasons for such changes correlate with the changes in economy, for the status of each sex's roles is affected by their careers. During the Victorian era, looking mainly at the middle class society, women were more active participants in the home, doing the cooking, cleaning, and raising of children while men worked. This is known as "Cult of Domesticity", which was believed to be the proper way of life in respect to gender division (Srivastava 2011). As World II came to be, women began working, Looking at today’s society, the roles of men and women are counter conventional.
They worked in paid employment as well as, within their homes. After the war women realised they had many choices and “Feminist’s’ fought for equality and women have now gained more rights. Family structure and values have changed and through effective methods of contraception, family sizes have become smaller. Women can remain single or marry and remain childless or combine marriage, children, and a career. Many women join the workforce for the ‘mental stimulation that home duties can’t provide’, as well as for the economic reasons.
And one who is a stay-at-home mother who really focuses on her children and household chores alone and just depends on her husband’s work. Some of these women are those who are middle classes women and those who have husbands with big income and those working
Both the parents share the expenses, provide for their family, and also share the responsibilities, such as doing work at home and taking care of their children. Older children can also work and help the parents with their expenses. In the past children were often very dependent on their parents and could always be at home with their mother taking care of them, while the father was busy at work. Another advantage of living in a modern family would be that both men and women can have more freedom to choose their own educational career. For example, after graduating high school, one can decide to continue with their education or not.