Describe the effect that radius changes have on the laminar flow of a fluid. The larger radius, the greater laminar flow. This is due to more room inside of the vessel for blood to travel. 4. Why do you think the plot was not linear?
This single metabolic fact accounts for the profound changes in not only respiration, but also in cardiac and circulatory physiology during exercise. Increased oxygen supply is provided by increases in both arterial oxygen delivery and tissue oxygen extraction; at the same time there is increased carbon dioxide transport on the venous side. The need for increased gas exchange by exercising muscles leads to the following general physiologic
Type II A Fibres These fibres, also called fast twitch or fast oxidative fibers, contain very large amounts of myoglobin, very many mitochondria and very many blood capillaries. Type II A fibers are also red, have a very high capacity for generating ATP by oxidative metabolic processes, split ATP at a very rapid rate, have a fast contraction velocity and are resistant to fatigue. Type II B Fibres These fibres, also called fast twitch or fast glycolytic fibres, contain a low content of myoglobin, relatively few mitochondria, relatively few blood capillaries and large amounts glycogen. These fibers appear white in color. Type II B geared to generate ATP by anaerobic metabolic processes so not able to supply skeletal muscle fibers continuously with sufficient ATP.
Unit 2 Acute response to exercise is short term effects that exercise has on the body. Musculoskeletal response An acute response of the musculoskeletal system during exercise includes an increase in blood supply. The short term effects on your muscles increases the temperature therefore there is more activation energy so chemical reactions are used by the musculoskeletal system and the metabolic activity increases. As the oxygen demand increases, more oxygenated blood needs to be supplied to the muscles so vasodilatation occurs so more blood can pass through the arteries. This affected me during the bleep test because vasodilation allows more oxygenated blood to travel to the actively respiring muscle tissues.
The larger value obtained when more glucose carriers were present corresponds to an increase in the rate of glucose transport. Explain why the rate increased. How well did the results compare with your prediction? The rate increased because there were more glucose carriers to transport more glucose across the membrane. 3.
Substances undergoing net diffusion are said to move down or with their concentration gradient. After time (dependant on the substance) the substance will become evenly distributed. This is what’s known as equilibrium, although random kinetic motion continues, there’s no further net diffusion. Certain attributes can affect diffusion, such as heat, this will make diffusion occur more rapidly due to transferring more energy to the molecules to move around faster. Also a larger concentration gradient produces a faster diffusion, and smaller molecules diffuse more rapidly than larger molecules.
The slower molecules gain more thermal energy and collide with other molecules in the cooler object. This process continues until heat energy from the warmer object spreads throughout the cooler object. Some substances conduct heat more easily than others. Solids are better conductor than liquids and liquids are better conductor than gases. Metals are very good conductors of heat, while air is very poor conductor of heat.
Expansion, an increase in the volume of a substance, usually due to the addition of heat to the substance. The heat causes the molecules of the substance to move farther apart, making the substance occupy more space. A loss of heat causes the opposite effect, known as contraction. Although most substances expand when heated, not all expand at the same rate. Aluminum, for example, expands twice as much as iron when both are heated the same amount.
In larger organisms, simple diffusion is not an efficient way of transporting gases between cells in the body and the gas exchange surface. In many animals a blood circulatory system carries gases to and from the gas exchange surface. The gas-carrying capacity of the blood is increased by respiratory pigments, such as haemoglobin. Animals with an internal gas exchange surface ventilate it by passing fresh air or water through their