Supreme Court Decisions That Effect The Way We (Law Enforcement) Do Business Today Essay

758 WordsNov 4, 20104 Pages
The decisions made by the Supreme Court are the final verdict for extreme cases, and most of there verdicts have had an impact on the way we (Law Enforcement) do business today. A good example of how Supreme Court decisions affect the way we (Law Enforcement) do business today would be Miranda vs. Arizona. This case created what we know today to be the “Miranda rights” In 1963, Ernesto Miranda was arrested in Phoenix, Arizona for stealing $8 from bank worker and charged with armed robbery. He already had a record for armed robbery, and a juvenile record including attempted rape, assault, and burglary. While in police custody he signed a written confession to the robbery, and to kidnapping and raping an 18-year-old woman 11 days before the robbery. After the conviction, his lawyers appealed, on the grounds that Miranda did not know he was protected from self-incrimination. Miranda was convicted of rape and kidnapping and sentenced to 20 to 30 years on both charges. Miranda's lawyer, Alvin Moore, appealed to the Arizona Supreme Court but the charges were upheld. Chief Justice Warren, a former prosecutor, delivered the opinion of the Court, ruling that due to the coercive nature of custodial interrogation by police (to add to his point, Warren controversially cited several police training manuals), no confession could be admissible under the Fifth Amendment self-incrimination clause and Sixth Amendment right to an attorney unless a suspect had been made aware of his rights and the suspect had then waived them. As a result Miranda's conviction was overturned. Miranda was retried, and this time the police did not use the confession but called witnesses and used other evidence. Miranda was convicted, and served 11 years. Following the Miranda decision, the nation's police departments

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