Supreme Court Decision Essay

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The first amendment in the Constitution of the United States encompasses many immutable rights of its people such as freedom of speech, assembly, press, and lastly, religion. In Engel v. Vitale for example, the Supreme court’s court unanimous decision is rooted in the establishment clause of the first amendment which reads, “Congress shall make no law respecting the establishment of a religion.” In this pivotal case, aroused the anger of many parents who did not approve of prayer being recited by New York school children. Although it is not unconstitutional to pray in public schools, the Constitution does however forbid the encouragement of recitation in public schools. Therefore in an opinion delivered by Justice Hugo Black, the court reached a decision that encouragement…show more content…
The Supreme court decision included, “ Congress was deprived of all legislative power over mere opinion, but was left free to reach actions which were in violation of social duties or subversive of good order.” Ultimately, this case highlighted the power of the Supreme Court to deviate from the free exercise clause in cases of religious acts that are socially unacceptable or justifies multiple marriages ( Reynolds vs. United States). Lastly, political institutions that limit the impact of Supreme Court decisions include the fact that Constitutional Amendments can be passed at any time to overturn the decision of the Supreme court. This specific power is safeguarded under the Supremacy clause, which designates the Constitution as the “supreme law of the land,” and a doctrine that can be utilized in times of conflict in the law. Lastly, appellate jurisdiction limits Supreme Court decisions, as the Supreme court has the jurisdiction to hear cases from lower courts and change the outcomes of those decisions if
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